Exodus Chapter 26 the Building of the Tabernacle

Jun 23rd, 2009 | By | Category: Exodus, Verse by Verse --Studies led by Br. Frank Shallieu (Click on Book name)

The tabernacle teaches the plan of God in many ways: its structure, its services, its priesthood. Verse 26 describes the structure itself with its many curtains. Each curtain has a symbolic meaning based on its fabric, how it was sewn together and even down to its color. The details of the entirety of the Tabernacle were painstakingly made, the penalty of making it wrong was death, because it had to accurately portray the plan of God and not be left up to the interpretation of man, either in structure or idea.

Exodus Chapter 26 the Building of the Tabernacle

Exod. 26:1 Moreover thou shalt make the tabernacle with ten curtains of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: with cherubims of cunning work shalt thou make them.

Verses 1–6 pertain to the cherubim curtain, which formed the ceiling of the Tabernacle (the ceiling of the open-mouthed box). From inside the Holy, the priest could see cherubim on the ceiling. The cherubim illustrate Psalm 91:11, “For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways”; that is, they represent our guardian angels.

The colors have the following symbolism. Blue pictures faithfulness; scarlet, the blood of the Ransom or death; and purple, royalty. Jesus said, “Be thou faithful [blue] unto death [red], and I will give thee a crown of life [purple]” (Rev. 2:10). As Jesus gave his life, so we are to give our life on a figurative cross. The linen was white, representing the righteousness of the saints.

The following four categories all teach the plan of God but from different perspectives. The Great Pyramid is a scientific instrument. The Tabernacle is a symbolic instrument. Ezekiel’s Temple is literal (but has spiritual lessons). The Book of Revelation is spiritual (but will have natural effects on mankind).

Exod. 26:2 The length of one curtain shall be eight and twenty cubits, and the breadth of one curtain four cubits: and every one of the curtains shall have one measure.

Exod. 26:3 The five curtains shall be coupled together one to another; and other five curtains shall be coupled one to another.

Exod. 26:4 And thou shalt make loops of blue upon the edge of the one curtain from the selvedge in the coupling; and likewise shalt thou make in the uttermost edge of another curtain, in the coupling of the second.

Exod. 26:5 Fifty loops shalt thou make in the one curtain, and fifty loops shalt thou make in the edge of the curtain that is in the coupling of the second; that the loops may take hold one of another.

Exod. 26:6 And thou shalt make fifty taches of gold, and couple the curtains together with the taches: and it shall be one tabernacle.

Ten curtains (5 + 5) comprised the one large curtain. Each of the ten curtains was a long rectangle 4 cubits wide by 28 cubits long (6 feet x 42 feet). Five such curtains were sewn together permanently into one curtain that was 20 cubits wide by 28 cubits long (30 feet x 42 feet). The Church was in the Wilderness for 42 months (30 x 42), or 1,260 years. A confirmation is that in the Israelites’ Wilderness wanderings, there were 42 stops, and thus 42 times the Tabernacle was set up. Thus we can see that the cherubim curtain was a symbolic as well as a literal curtain.

The remaining five curtains were also sewn together, resulting in the same dimensions. These two large curtains each had 50 blue loops on one edge. By means of temporary gold clasps called “taches,” the two curtains were brought together. In other words, when the 50 loops on one five-strip curtain were joined to the 50 loops on the other five-strip curtain by gold taches, the loops were crossed, signifying multiplication. By multiplying 50 times 50, we get the number 2,500 (50 x 50). With the number 50 representing a Jubilee cycle, the product of 50 times 50 (50 squared) gives us the grand Jubilee. Note: The overall curtain is the Tabernacle.

Each curtain of 42 feet by 30 feet represents 1,260 “days,” or 3 1/2 years (360 x 3 1/2). Moreover, when both curtains are considered, 3 1/2 times + 3 1/2 times = 7 times or Gentile Times (360 x 7 = 2,520 years). Although the 1,260 years are only a segment of the Gospel Age, they represent the whole age. Those who lived during the 1,260 years especially suffered persecution, but on the other hand, all who live godly in Christ Jesus will suffer some persecution. Therefore, the entire Gospel Age is a period of suffering and trial, but within the whole are the 1,260 years (and of course 1,260 + 1,260 = 2,520 years). These mathematical chronology ties prove the cubit is 18 inches long.

Exod. 26:7 And thou shalt make curtains of goats’ hair to be a covering upon the tabernacle: eleven curtains shalt thou make.

Exod. 26:8 The length of one curtain shall be thirty cubits, and the breadth of one curtain four cubits: and the eleven curtains shall be all of one measure.

Exod. 26:9 And thou shalt couple five curtains by themselves, and six curtains by themselves, and shalt double the sixth curtain in the forefront of the tabernacle.

Exod. 26:10 And thou shalt make fifty loops on the edge of the one curtain that is outmost in the coupling, and fifty loops in the edge of the curtain which coupleth the second.

Exod. 26:11 And thou shalt make fifty taches of brass, and put the taches into the loops, and couple the tent together, that it may be one.

Exod. 26:12 And the remnant that remaineth of the curtains of the tent, the half curtain that remaineth, shall hang over the backside of the tabernacle.

Exod. 26:13 And a cubit on the one side, and a cubit on the other side of that which remaineth in the length of the curtains of the tent, it shall hang over the sides of the tabernacle on this side and on that side, to cover it.

Exod. 26:14 And thou shalt make a covering for the tent of rams’ skins dyed red, and a covering above of badgers’ skins.

Verses 7–14 describe two other curtains: the goats’ hair curtain and the curtain made of seals’ skins (improperly called “badgers’ skins”).

The first curtain, the cherubim curtain, was composed of ten curtains: five sewn together plus five more sewn together, having 50 loops each and coupled together with gold taches or clips. For the goats’ hair curtain, each separate curtain (or strip) was the same width as each smaller cherubim curtain strip: 4 cubits. Five curtains were sewn together (5 x 4 = 20 cubits) and six curtains were sewn together (6 x 4 = 24) for a total of 44 cubits. However, whereas the length of the cherubim curtain was 28 cubits, the length of the goats’ hair curtain was 30 cubits. (See Figure 5.) In other words, the goats’ hair curtain had an extra strip, so there was an extra 4 cubits in the front of the curtain, and the curtain was 2 cubits wider on the sides.

Notice that the goats’ hair curtain was made of hair, not skins, and it was called “the tent” (verse 11). The cherubim curtain, which was underneath (and thus was covered by the goats’ hair curtain), was called “the tabernacle.”

The Tabernacle curtains, which were both literal and symbolic, were in four layers, starting with the cherubim curtain on the bottom, as follows:

1. Cherubim curtain – represents the new creature.

2. Goats’ hair curtain – pictures our humanity, the old man, the old nature. “We have this treasure in earthen vessels” (2 Cor. 4:7); that is, “We have this white cherubim curtain in [underneath] the goats’ hair curtain [the flesh].” The goat is a stubborn, ornery animal. The fact that the taches on the goats’ hair curtain were copper (and not gold to symbolize the divine nature, as on the cherubim curtain) is proof that the goats’ hair curtain represents our flesh, our humanity.

3. Curtain of rams’ skins dyed red – represents the robe of Christ’s righteousness. No dimensions are given for this covering, and this lack of information is appropriate, for Christ’s Ransom cannot be measured. The Ransom covers all who are born in Adam.

4. Curtain of badgers’ skins, which were really the skins of seals, dolphins, or porpoises (that is, marine life) – pictures how the world views the Christian. These skins provided a black or dark covering, and that is how the world regards the Christian—as peculiar, as a “fish out of water,” as a marine animal in a dry desert. The dimensions are not given for this curtain either.

Antitypically speaking, of the four curtains, only the last or top curtain is seen by the world.

The new creature, the innermost part, is what God sees. Then comes the flesh, which is covered by the robe of Christ’s righteousness. The world sees none of the three bottom curtains, only that we are odd.

Q: Seal skins are one of the things the Israelites were asked by Moses to give as a freewill offering (Exod. 25:5). Were these brought from Egypt, or did the Israelites go subsequently to a body of water to obtain them?

A: Many translations say “seals’ skins,” but actually the skins were from porpoises or dolphins. The Israelites caught the porpoises or dolphins in the Red Sea and gave them as offerings. The main point is that a marine animal was in a dry desert, showing that the Christian feels out of place in a worldly environment and the world views the Christian as odd.

The overall dimensions of the goats’ hair curtain were 44 by 30 cubits. Five strips of goats’ hair curtain sewn together hung over the Most Holy roof and back. Six strips hung over the Holy roof (the sixth being doubled and hung over the front).

Five cherubim curtains sewn together also covered the Most Holy roof and back, the loops and taches being over the veil between the Holy and the Most Holy. The other five cherubim curtains sewn together covered the roof of the Holy. The difference in the two curtains was that none of the cherubim curtain draped over the front of the Holy, whereas the goats’ hair curtain did drape over to keep out daylight. From side to side (that is, going up one side, over the roof, and down the other side), the goats’ hair curtain went down to the ground. The width, therefore, was 10 + 10 + 10 = 30 cubits.

Exod. 26:15 And thou shalt make boards for the tabernacle of shittim wood standing up.

Exod. 26:16 Ten cubits shall be the length of a board, and a cubit and a half shall be the breadth of one board.

Exod. 26:17 Two tenons shall there be in one board, set in order one against another: thus shalt thou make for all the boards of the tabernacle.

Exod. 26:18 And thou shalt make the boards for the tabernacle, twenty boards on the south side southward.

Exod. 26:19 And thou shalt make forty sockets of silver under the twenty boards; two sockets under one board for his two tenons, and two sockets under another board for his two tenons.

Exod. 26:20 And for the second side of the tabernacle on the north side there shall be twenty boards:

Exod. 26:21 And their forty sockets of silver; two sockets under one board, and two sockets under another board.

Exod. 26:22 And for the sides of the tabernacle westward thou shalt make six boards.

Exod. 26:23 And two boards shalt thou make for the corners of the tabernacle in the two sides.

Exod. 26:24 And they shall be coupled together beneath, and they shall be coupled together above the head of it unto one ring: thus shall it be for them both; they shall be for the two corners.

Exod. 26:25 And they shall be eight boards, and their sockets of silver, sixteen sockets; two sockets under one board, and two sockets under another board.

Verses 15–25 discuss the boards and their sockets. Each board was 10 cubits long and stood upright. The width was 1 1/2 cubits. There were 20 boards on the north side and 20 boards on the south side. (See Figure 7.) The west or back side had six boards, plus one in each corner, or eight boards. The total number of boards, therefore, was 48 (20 + 20 + 8). Since each board had two silver sockets (48 x 2), there were 96 silver sockets. The silver sockets picture truth, the Old and New Testaments. Psalm 12:6 tells us that God’s Word is as silver refined seven times, but the sockets represent a special truth: that Jesus is the Savior, the Church’s one foundation.

Each socket had two holes, and each board had two prongs called tenons, which inserted into the holes of the sockets. (See Figure 8.) The tenons took up 1 cubit of the height (or length) of the boards.

Added to the 96 silver sockets were four sockets between the Holy and the Most Holy that were used to support the Veil. The 96 + 4 silver sockets made a total of 100 silver sockets—a significant number, for “100” is a symbol of perfection. The silver sockets linked together forming the appearance of a border underneath a platform. The boards (representing Christians) rested on silver sockets (Christ, the foundation).

The people could not appreciate the silver sockets because they were hidden from view (the 10-cubit boards inserted snugly into the 1-cubit-high sockets for a depth of 1 cubit). Thus the 10 cubits of the goats’ hair curtain, which extended over both sides and the back of the Tabernacle, completely covered the sockets as well as the boards and the cherubim curtain. The cherubim curtain was 28 cubits wide (10 cubits over the roof and 9 cubits on each side); that is, it was a cubit shorter on both sides than the goats’ hair curtain.

There were two sockets under each board, and each socket had two holes. How, then, could one board with only two tenons fit into two sockets? The sockets were staggered; that is, one tenon went in one hole of one socket and the other tenon went in one hole of an adjacent socket. This arrangement further strengthened the structure. Moreover, each socket was made with a female receptacle on one end and a male on the other. Thus the sockets were interlocked, one to another. This, too, gave rigidity. What is the antitypical lesson? The unity of the true Church. Hebrews 10:25 admonishes us not to forsake the assembling of ourselves together, and the hymn “Onward, Christian Soldiers” contains the phrase “all one body we,” referring to the Little Flock. All of the 144,000 will see the importance of keeping God’s Word, and their own personal integrity will be of the highest standard; hence they will all be one body even though not physically together in one place. Moreover, the board standing upright pictures the Christian being upright in Christ.

The two tenons of each board also have the significance of the Christian’s being in the New and Old Testaments. Our feet are planted in the Word of God, in which Christ is predominant. The Ransom doctrine is the central theme. That Christ is Savior is in both the Old Testament and the New Testament as type and antitype, respectively.

The boards, which held up the curtains, the Tabernacle, served as a framework. The cherubim and the goats’ hair curtains fit the framework snugly, whereas the rams’ skin and seals’ skin curtains, for which no dimensions were given, were pulled out at the sides like a tent and held with cords and pins. (See Figure 9.) However, the Tabernacle preserved a rectangular shape in appearance, especially from a distance, because only the roof was seen. (The Court curtains were 5 cubits high, and thus they acted as a barrier.) Hence the Tabernacle still looked like a coffin or a funeral bier. The side chambers that were formed when the rams’ skin and seals’ skin curtains were pulled out to the sides were used for storage and as dressing rooms, among other things. The side chambers of the Temples (Solomon’s, Herod’s, and Ezekiel’s) were a separate building or wing on both sides.

Verse 24 refers to the corner boards. A drawing is really needed to illustrate how they were made. The boards were fractured but mortised together. An angled board from top to bottom held the corner together—at right angles. The arrangement was ingeniously designed to hold the back and side boards together.

The boards were hollow frames covered with gold. Pieces of acacia wood were mortised together to form each board because the acacia trees grew so crooked and twisted that a board could not be made of one piece of lumber. Mortise and tongue-and-groove methods were used. Just as strips (curtains) were sewn together to make one large curtain, so pieces of wood were put together tongue and groove to make each board. Imagine being in the Holy of the Tabernacle—it was a large room 15 feet wide by 30 feet long with 15-foot-high  ceilings and only three small, low pieces of furniture.

Q: The back or west end of the Tabernacle had six boards, each being 1 1/2 cubits wide. Therefore, the six boards covered 9 cubits. Did the two corner boards add only 1/2 cubit each to make the 10-cubit width?

A: Yes, because the two corner boards fractured at right angles and there was an overlapping at the middle of the boards. The extra 3/4 and 3/4 cubit covered any gapping.

The acacia tree pictures our development as Christians. If faithful, we are changed from twisted, crooked, rugged old trees into new creatures of Christlikeness. The acacia is the  only tree that survives in the desert. It has long roots that go down very deep for water. The acacia tree shows that the Lord’s people are generally not well-refined individuals but that God has picked humble, little ones to embarrass the proud, who by nature may be more noble, better bred, etc. God has chosen the poor of this world to confound the wise— to shame them. Only those who are aware of their need and sin sickness will seek a physician. Those who feel whole—those who are content with their own way of life—do not feel the need for a physician.

The process is the same with jewels such as the diamond, which comes out of the earth with a scurf or skin that hides its brilliance. The scurf must be removed. Hence a diamond in the rough could be passed by as worthless.

Acacia wood is close-grained (like olive wood), which makes it very adaptable to tooling. And, like cedar wood, it does not decay. Acacia is a form of evergreen with needles. The “needles” picture the contentiousness of the Lord’s people. Contentious, cantankerous qualities have to be properly schooled under the guidance of the Holy Spirit.

Exod. 26:26 And thou shalt make bars of shittim wood; five for the boards of the one side of the tabernacle,

Exod. 26:27 And five bars for the boards of the other side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the boards of the side of the tabernacle, for the two sides westward.

Exod. 26:28 And the middle bar in the midst of the boards shall reach from end to end.

Exod. 26:29 And thou shalt overlay the boards with gold, and make their rings of gold for places for the bars: and thou shalt overlay the bars with gold.

Exod. 26:30 And thou shalt rear up the tabernacle according to the fashion thereof which was shown thee in the mount.

The boards, which were 27 inches wide, extended from ground to roof and supported the curtains. There were 20 boards on the north side, 20 boards on the south side, 6 boards on the interior portion of the back (or west) side, and 2 corner boards at the rear. The boards are called “frames” in the Revised Standard Version because they were hollow.

Cylindrical bars were slid through gold rings fastened to the exterior of the boards. The gold rings held the top and bottom bars, which were cylindrical in order to create a minimum of friction. Each board had a gold ring on the top and another gold ring on the bottom. When the 20 boards were put together (upright), the bars were shuttled through the rings. Five bars were on each side, north and south. There were also five bars on the back side, on the west. The front (or east) side did not have boards.

The middle bar went from one end to the other (a distance of 30 cubits, or 45 feet)—a tremendous length. The bar went through the middle of the boards about halfway up. This positioning gave the boards more rigidity than if the boards were all on one side of the bars. The sockets, which were fastened together, also provided rigidity or stability.

If the middle bar were one piece, there would be great warpage, for it would be 45 feet long. Each board was 9 inches thick (1/2 cubit). Note: The 9 inches was not the width but the thickness. The bar (and the hole through the board that it went into) was 4 to 4 1/2 inches in diameter. Thus the bar was sizable. The warpage problem was solved by constructing the middle bar of several pieces. Each piece had a hole in one end and a thread in the other end, the exception being the last piece. Hence, just as several boards were mortised together to make 10-cubit (15-foot) high boards 1 1/2 cubits (27 inches) wide, so the long board that was shuttled through the midst of the boards was composed of pieces. Each piece was about 6 or 8 feet long, and the pieces were screwed together. The last piece was finished at the end so that what showed at the back corner had neither hole nor threads.

In all there were five bars on a side: two on top on the outside, two on the bottom on the outside, and one in the middle of the boards, all going the 45-foot length of the Tabernacle.  The middle bar being in pieces eliminated a problem, for the boards and sockets were on the desert sand floor, which was not exactly level. Also, there had to be some kind of protrusion at the back in order to pull the first piece of the middle bar out. Thus the disassembling began from the rear.

Verse 27: There were “five bars for the boards of the side of the tabernacle, for the two sides westward.” The back was the west, so how could there be “two sides” at the rear of the Tabernacle? The six boards at the back were on the inside. The two corner boards were exterior and were folded (at right angles). The corner boards were designed to accept the exterior bars at the rear; that is, there were holes in the corner boards. Since there were five bars on the west (the same arrangement as on the north and south sides)—two bars on the top, one bar through the middle, and two bars on the bottom—all five extended into the corner boards too. In regard to the right-angled corner board, one part accepted the bars at the back and one part accepted the bars on the side.

Exod. 26:31 And thou shalt make a veil of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen of cunning work: with cherubims shall it be made:

Exod. 26:32 And thou shalt hang it upon four pillars of shittim wood overlaid with gold: their hooks shall be of gold, upon the four sockets of silver.

Exod. 26:33 And thou shalt hang up the veil under the taches, that thou mayest bring in thither within the veil the ark of the testimony: and the veil shall divide unto you between the holy place and the most holy.

Exod. 26:34 And thou shalt put the mercy seat upon the ark of the testimony in the most holy place.

Exod. 26:35 And thou shalt set the table without the veil, and the candlestick over against the table on the side of the tabernacle toward the south: and thou shalt put the table on the north side.

Between the Holy and the Most Holy hung “the veil,” sometimes called the Second Veil or the Cherubim Veil. On a white linen background were blue, purple, scarlet, and cherubim configurations. Hence the Most Holy had cherubim on the ceiling and on all four sides, even though the boards obstructed the curtain on three sides. The very name “the veil” indicates it was the most important veil. Outside in the Holy were the Table of Shewbread (on the north side) and the Candlestick (on the south side). The “table without the veil” was the Golden Incense Altar (see Heb. 9:2).

Between the Holy and the Most Holy were four pillars. The Second Veil hung in front of the pillars, suspended from hooks on the taches of the Tabernacle curtain above; that is, the taches of the cherubim curtain were directly above the dividing line of the Holy and the Most Holy. The four pillars gave rigidity to the Second Veil and the cherubim curtain. Nevertheless, there was a slight opening at the ceiling through which the incense floated into the Most Holy.

Each of the four pillars was set in a silver socket at the base. Therefore, the total number of sockets was 100. There were two sockets for each board (20 boards on a side, 6 boards in back, and 2 corner boards) for a total of 96 and then four additional sockets under the four pillars, or 100 silver sockets in all.

Exod. 26:36 And thou shalt make an hanging for the door of the tent, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, wrought with needlework.

Exod. 26:37 And thou shalt make for the hanging five pillars of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold, and their hooks shall be of gold: and thou shalt cast five sockets of brass for them.

The First Veil, called “the door,” was made basically the same except that it had no cherubim, just needlework. The following table sets forth the differences between the two veils (verses 31–37):

First Veil (“the door”)                                                Second Veil (“the veil”)

No cherubim                                                               Cherubim

Hung in front of 5 pillars                                           Hung in front of 4 pillars

Brass (or copper) sockets on pillars                          Silver sockets on pillars

The First Veil covered the five pillars at the entrance to the Holy so that gold could not be seen in the Court. From a practical standpoint, the pillars were needed inside the First Veil to keep it from sagging. The spiritual reason for the pillars to be inside the First Veil is that divine things cannot be seen (appreciated) by the human nature. (Gold represents the divine nature, whereas brass or copper pictures perfect or justified human nature.) A person standing in the Court could see the First Veil and only the five copper sockets at the bottom, not the pillars.

The four pillars, overlaid with gold, that were between the Holy and the Most Holy were set in silver sockets (verse 32). The silver sockets carried a different symbolism from the copper sockets, namely, that the inheritance of the divine nature is in truth, in verity.

At the top of the Tabernacle on the outside, the goats’ hair curtain overlapped the First Veil, keeping all sunlight out of the Holy. The cherubim curtain did not overlap, for it came just to the front of the Tabernacle. The goats’ hair curtain had an extra (11th) strip 4 cubits wide that folded over the front of the Tabernacle to prohibit daylight from seeping into the Holy. As pointed out earlier, with no dimensions being given for the other two curtains—the rams’ skins dyed red and the seals’ skins—we can reason that they were pulled out on the sides from the roof. (See Figure 9 again.) The goats’ hair curtain, called “the tent,” fit the Tabernacle snugly down to the ground on the sides. Hence not even the silver sockets were seen in the Court, let alone the gold boards or pillars. The lesson is that the natural man cannot discern spiritual things.

Where the curtains of rams’ skins dyed red and the seals’ skins were pulled out from the sides of the Tabernacle, cords and pins held out the flaps. From outside the Court (that is, in the Camp), only the seal skin curtain could be seen, but those in the Court could also see the rams’ skins dyed red curtain under the flaps. Antitypically speaking, the Great Company sees this curtain, for all of the consecrated—all who are under the blood—can see it. It is a Court of faith, a Court of believing, and a Court of washing at the Word of God. On the other hand, the world sees the seals’ skins—an oddity in the desert. And the Christian, in turn, is like a fish out of water. In other words, there is a mutual feeling of estrangement between the consecrated and the worldly.

The Tabernacle—and hence the First Veil—was 10 cubits high. The extra 4-cubit-wide strip of the goats’ hair curtain covered 4 of the 10 cubits of the First Veil. Since the Court curtain was 5 cubits high (7 1/2 feet), only 1 cubit of the First Veil showed above it. However, when we consider the size of the fence around the Tabernacle (50 by 100 cubits) and the fact that the Court curtain was 5 cubits high, all needlework was obscured to anyone outside the Court. Only those in the Court could see the needlework.

Antitype of Incense Going Into the Most Holy (Leviticus 16)

Incense was offered on the Day of Atonement. First, the high priest offered his sacrifice of the bullock. His two hands were full of incense, and dangling or hanging from his forearms by a chain were two vessels, one vessel with coals of fire from the altar and the other vessel with blood to be sprinkled. The vessel containing the coals of fire was set on the Incense Altar, and the high priest’s arm slipped out of the chain. He crumbled the incense over the coals of fire and then prayed. The cloud of incense carried the prayer over the Second Veil into the Most Holy—this is a picture of the Christian’s coming into God’s presence with prayer. Now the high priest had empty hands and just the blood basin left on one forearm. Next he used his finger to put blood on the Mercy Seat eastward (vertically) and across (horizontally) to form a cross.

The incense offering represents the perfections of Jesus’ human nature. Incense is a powder ground fine, picturing no imperfections, unevenness, or imbalance in his virtues. Jesus offered up perfect incense.

The high priest followed the same ritual when he went in the second time, now with the blood of the Lord’s goat. But this time, antitypically speaking, Jesus’ perfections (the incense) are mixed with the prayers of the saints, for his perfections make their prayers acceptable to God, whereas Jesus could offer his prayers alone. Christians must pray in Jesus’ name.

Why was blood applied to the Mercy Seat with the finger of the High Priest? The purpose was to make atonement, for “without shedding of blood [there] is no remission [of sins]” (Heb. 9:22). In antitype Jesus’ blood is applied for the Church, and the blood of the Lord’s goat will be applied (through Jesus’ merit) for the world. The blood of the bullock justifies the blood of the Lord’s goat. Thus a mingled blood (of The Christ) will be applied for the world. The Church gets the privilege of sharing in the sufferings of Christ.

Antitype of Four Pillars Going Into the Most Holy vs. Five Pillars Going Into the Holy

The Most Holy was one-half the size of the Holy (two Most Holy cubes were equal to one Holy). In antitype ten virgins go into the Holy; only five (the wise enter the Most Holy). With the Most Holy representing God’s presence, the four pillars represent His four attributes. The five pillars signify a class on this side of the veil. Both the four pillars and the five were inside a respective veil. The four pillars were hidden from the Holy; they were in God’s presence, as it were.

Along another line, the four horns (one horn on each corner) of the Golden Altar (also called the Incense or Prayer Altar) signify that prayers in all languages are heard by God. The Little Flock is taken out of all nations.

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