Genesis Chapter 1: In the Beginning

Jun 17th, 2009 | By | Category: Genesis, Verse by Verse --Studies led by Br. Frank Shallieu (Click on Book name)

The Book Of Genesis Chapter 1

Gen. 1:1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.

In a beginning, God created our physical or material universe. In another (and subsequent) beginning, Jesus was created as the first sentient being. Therefore, Jehovah God, not with assistance from the Logos, who had not been created yet, made the physical universe.

The time setting of this verse is prior to the Seven Creative Days—long before. “Heaven” (singular) refers to the earth’s solar system. “Heavens” (plural) would be the entire physical universe including the earth. Psalm 115:16 distinguishes between “heavens” and “heaven,” that is, between the entire universe and our own solar system. “The heaven, even the heavens, are the LORD’S: but the earth hath he given to the children of men.”

Verse 1 zeroes in on the earth, our solar system, which was created with the rest of the universe. No time period is given for this creating, but it took considerable time. Much later the First Creative Day began; it began 48,000+ years ago. Verse 1 can be paraphrased as follows: Before the ordering of the earth’s surface, this condition existed for ‘x’ amount of years.”

Gen. 1:2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.

The earth was “without form” with regard to its surface. There was no definition to earth’s surface—no mountains, no valleys, etc. But the earth did have form in the sense of being a sphere. Moreover, the earth was “void” of plant and animal life. And “darkness was upon the face of the deep [the waters].” In other words, the earth at this time was shrouded in pitch darkness and covered with water. The surface of the earth is now approximately 75 percent water; at that time, the surface was 100 percent water.

It took time for the earth even to be covered with water. Therefore, water did not cover the earth until a late period in the creation process—but before the Creative Days began. The watery surface could have been a quagmire (perhaps consisting of slime with irregular puddles?), but at any rate, the continents were not visible. Moreover, a canopy surrounded the earth. (Rings were a later development.) The canopy, which was like an envelope covering, could not be penetrated by sunlight. Incidentally, the waters could not have been ice because the earth was still molten to a greater or lesser degree. The waters could have been warm or even hot.

Comment: Figuratively speaking, the earth was like a fetus being developed in a sack where light does not penetrate. A fetus is without form originally, but it develops.

The earth was swathed in darkness. In the First Creative Day, it took 7,000 years for light to penetrate earth’s canopy, but the orbs of the sun and the moon could not be distinguished until the Fourth Creative Day. Man was first made here, on planet Earth, although his creation did not take place until the end of the Sixth Creative Day. Out of disorder, God created order. God’s Spirit “moved upon the face of the waters” like an aurora borealis, an electrical power. His Spirit fluttered over the surface of the waters, operating with electrical energy like flickering lightning.

(To understand the 7,000 year day, please read the booklet on creation on our website)

Gen. 1:3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.

Gen. 1:4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness.

Gen. 1:5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.

Each Creative Day was 7,000 years long—an epoch of time. A beginning and an end marked each Creative Day or epoch with things occurring in between. “Let there be light” was God’s object, and light gradually happened. A distinction in “light” was definite between “day” and “night” by the end of the 7,000 years, between light and no light. There were then 12 hours of day and 12 hours of night.

Each pronouncement had a beginning and an ending. Since we know from Bible chronology that the length of the Seventh Creative Day was 7,000 years, we can conclude that the length of each of the other six Creative Days was also 7,000 years. In other words, just as each day in our week is 24 hours long, so each of the Creative Days was the same length, or 7,000 years. From our perspective, it seems interminably long for each period to be fulfilled, but the time aspect is different for spirit beings. A thousand years are as one day is the principle (2 Pet. 3:8).

In regard to the Seventh Creative Day of 7,000 years, it was not until Jesus came (4,128 years after Adam) that more of God’s plan became apparent. The principle is the same with the other Creative Days. Not until a Creative Day was approximately half complete would God’s purpose be discerned with any clarity. By the end of the 7,000 years, His purpose was seen in its fullness.

The achievement of light was pronounced “good” by God at the end (in the morning) of the First Creative Day. He was satisfied with the operation of His Spirit to cause light, thus dividing night from day. The falling or dropping of heavy materials from the canopy, or surrounding envelope, down upon the earth left the canopy more aqueous so that light could penetrate.

There is majestic simplicity in the language used here in Genesis, but the words are fraught with depth of meaning. The simplest statements of Scripture are often the deepest.

In the spiritual aspect, the gospel light contrasts with the darkness of sin and death. At the end of the Kingdom, the true light will be perfect. As God pronounced the literal light good, not the darkness, so it will be with the gospel light at the end of the 7,000 years (Gen. 1:4).

Comment: The Photodrama states, “When the earth was molten, its water and minerals were thrown off a great distance in gaseous form. As these cooled and took shape, they constituted great rings at a distance from the earth.” Please explain this statement.

Reply: For a long time, the earth was enveloped in a canopy or sack. Inside the canopy, the earth was like a ball-bearing wheel, revolving at 25,000 miles per hour. As the cooling process continued, the envelope broke unevenly. With gravity (or magnetic attraction) being least at the North and South Poles, the canopy or sack began to change into rings. Stated another way, that which formerly enshrouded the earth changed into rings. Incidentally, many changes may be taking place in the universe that we cannot see. If there were black sacks (or canopies) around other heavenly bodies, we could not see those bodies. Scientists describe “black holes,” but much may be occurring there.

Anyway, instead of the envelope sack collapsing down equally all over the earth, there first was a shrinking down into rings around the earth. The heavier materials cascaded down from the weakest points at the North and South Poles toward the Equator. Finally, in Adam’s day and up to the Flood of Noah’s day, only a thin veil of water remained. The rings we now see on Saturn, Jupiter, etc., show that in regard to God’s objective for those planets, they are now where Earth was at the beginning of the First Creative Day. The planets are progressing—but slowly from our vantage point. Stated another way, the rings of Saturn and Jupiter indicate

they have progressed to a later development than they were originally. These planets may or may not be inhabited in due time.

Gen. 1:6 And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.

Gen. 1:7 And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.

Gen. 1:8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day.

The word “firmament” means expansion, atmosphere. Before the Second Creative Day, the waters above the earth and the waters on the earth were together, but the waters above the earth were revolving around the earth at a slower speed. As an illustration, we can think of a ball bearing. A casing can be put around a ball bearing and actually contact the ball bearing without interfering with the rolling of the ball bearing; that is, the casing and the ball bearing can be in contact with each other yet function independently. That is how the earth revolved

inside the canopy or envelope. The canopy enveloped the entire earth. In other words, the canopy did not just consist of rings around the Equator or another diameter.

Thus the earth had darkness upon the face of the deep (no light prior to the First Creative Day), and an outer mantle of mineralized water surrounded it. The earth and the mantle were independent of each other, but there was no vacuum or space between them; that is, there was no space between the inner and the outer water. (As time went on, things happened to the outer mantle, as described in Volume 6.) Darkness of the outer mass prevented light and the sun as a disk from being seen, and there was no atmosphere. The only visible activity was the Spirit of God brooding or fluttering over the face of the deep like an aurora borealis. An electrical energy of some kind was in that fluid mass.

First Creative Day: “Let there be light.” From the canopy, rings cascaded down upon the earth, bringing water and heavy minerals. As the mineral content was successively deposited upon the earth, the canopy gradually became more translucent so that some light penetrated to the earth; that is, night and day were differentiated, but the sun, the moon, and the stars were not visible as physical bodies or orbs.

Second Creative Day: “Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.” In other words, the firmament separated the two “waters.” A space gradually developed between the outer canopy and the earth inside.

“And God said, Let [such-and-such happen].” Notice, He spoke. “And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night.” “And God called the firmament Heaven,” etc. The point is that God literally made pronouncements. Based upon findings in nuclear physics, genetics, etc., there is a coded RNA or DNA tape even in inanimate objects. Since inanimate objects are composed of electrons, neutrons, and atoms in motion, there is activity in this infinitesimal universe. Hence inanimate objects are planned and coded too. The Creator, as Emperor of the universe, is in the unique position of being able to do anything He wants because He has the key of life and death. Even with His voice, He can do things. Man can activate an automatic garage door with his voice; that is only a tiny example of what God can do on a MUCH LARGER scale.

The point is that God can just make a statement, and it is DONE. The material knows what to do when so instructed. The principle is like man instructing a computer. The entire universe, animate and inanimate, has been coded, and God has the key to activate or inactivate each.

A statement in physics is that matter can be neither created nor destroyed by man. This statement is true. Destruction merely changes matter into another form. Man cannot create matter out of nothing. Only God can create and totally destroy; that is, only God can create out of nothing and destroy into nothing. He can address His subjects—human, angelic, plant, animal, and mineral—and have complete control over them. God can merely make a statement, and each knows just what to do. He has the key and can start or stop just with a statement. Elohim is used for God in Genesis chapter 1—Elohim (plural)—but the verb is in the singular.

Elohim is a plural word, but the verb determines whether an individual or individuals are being referred to. It is like saying, “We declare,“ and meaning, “I declare.” “Ephraim” (plural) can be the name of either a singular person or a plural-member tribe. Context determines. And even kings and judges are sometimes called elohim, meaning people of mighty stature. The point is that God’s power and majesty are infinite, and we are looking at His Word, which is so very simply stated: “And God said….”

Q: Why is the pronouncement “God saw … that it was good” conspicuously absent in the Second Creative Day?

A: A time period of 7,000 years, called “evening and morning,” was set aside for each of the Creative Days. In regard to the Second Creative Day, God said, “Let there be a firmament,” and the firmament did come into existence in the specified time. In other words, His objective or purpose of making a firmament was accomplished, and that objective was called “Heaven.” The Second Creative Day did produce what God had determined, but He did not call it “good” because the next day, the Third Creative Day, was needed to bring about the statement that it was “good.”

The Second Creative Day was preparatory for the Third Creative Day. When the atmosphere expanse occurred, the next logical stage was the appearance of dry land. Hence the pronouncement of “good” was delayed until the objective that God was looking for was accomplished in the Third Creative Day, the objective of “Earth,” or dry land, being exposed and made available for plant life, which, in turn, would be made available for later animal life.

God said “good” when the major step toward life had occurred: land surface. In other words, the waters were separated vertically (“firmament”) and horizontally (“dry land”) before “good” was pronounced. Continents and oceans were distinguishable by the middle of the Third Creative Day.

We reason that we know each Creative Day was 7,000 years long because we can prove the length of the Seventh Creative Day and all of the Creative Days were equal in length.

The delay of the “good” pronouncement is another inherent proof that each Creative Day was 7,000 years long, that the Creative Days were of a specified, predetermined, mathematical, equal, rhythmical length. When that time expired, the next Creative Day had to begin—even if the full purpose had not been accomplished. The firmament was developed, but dry land had not yet appeared. Nevertheless, the Third Creative Day had to begin on schedule. The same principle would apply if we wanted to do something in a day, but the project took longer than 24 hours.

Time marches on whether or not we are finished. Rhythmical, conclusive endings occurred for each Creative Day: evening and morning, evening and morning, etc.

Gen. 1:9 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.

Gen. 1:10 And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.

Gen. 1:11 And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.

Gen. 1:12 And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

Gen. 1:13 And the evening and the morning were the third day.

Of the Third Creative Day, God said twice that it was “good.” (Two pronouncements of “good” also occurred during the Sixth Creative Day, as stated in verses 25 and 31.) There was a multiple purpose for the Third Creative Day: (1) dry land and (2) grass, herb-yielding seed, and fruit trees. For the first purpose, the emphasis was on dry land, or “Earth,” because seas were a byproduct. Waters were gathered into receptacles or depressions called “Seas,” and as the waters flowed into these seas, they uncovered land surface. Dry land was thus formed, upon which grass and fruit trees could grow. Both purposes were called “good”: dry land was good, and grass, seed, and trees were good. The implication is that dry land was accomplished earlier in the Third Creative Day—in approximately the first half of that day. Grass, herbs, and fruit trees were accomplished in the second half of the Third Creative Day.

The First Creative Day shows that light is the basis or source for all life. No vegetation can grow without light. Before the First Creative Day, there was darkness, confusion, and chaos. In the First Creative Day, darkness and light were separated or differentiated. This demarcation removed confusion, and order began to be established. Before that, the earth was without form, void, and dark on the face of the deep. Now there was some light, even though the sun and the moon were not yet visible as disks. Light and darkness alternated on a 24-hour, or daily, basis.

Light is good because it helps to distinguish between truth and error, and between righteousness and sin, both figuratively and literally.

The fact the Second Creative Day was not called “good” indicates that at its end, the major objective was not quite complete, even though the firmament was developed. The real objective was the exposure of dry land for plant life. Mineralized water rings fell on the hot, steaming surface of earth. The steam vapor produced by the falling water rings arose from the hot earth and pushed out the canopy more and more, making the atmosphere, or firmament.

It was like a cushion forming, as when a tire is inflated. Incidentally, earth’s atmosphere is what makes the planet appear colorful (blue and green) from out in space.

In the Third Creative Day, the earth brought forth grass, seed, and fruit trees that yielded fruit “after his kind”; that is, all three categories were self-generating once they were started or created. Not only did God create the vegetation, but He created it with the ability to reproduce itself. In regard to the grass, herbs, and fruit trees, their seeds were in them. The same is true with the animals, man, and even certain inanimate elements. God gave the powers of procreation and/or self-generation. “After his [its] kind” prohibits an evolutionary change of one species into another. The Bible does indicate a form of evolution but of the lowest type— simply a bringing forth but with a fixity of kind and species. Thus there was modified evolution. An extreme statement that there was no evolution turns people off.

The description of the Creative Days and the time before they started is as if God is allowing us to witness the events taking place. It is as if we lived back there and were viewing the events from an earthly viewpoint. God tells His intention, and it happens. Scientists more or less have the gist of what took place in the preparation of earth’s surface, but they lack definition. They guess wildly in terms of millions of years.

Gen. 1:14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years:

Gen. 1:15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so.

Gen. 1:16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also.

Gen. 1:17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth,

Gen. 1:18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good.

Gen. 1:19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.

Verses 14-19 describe the Fourth Creative Day. In this time period, rings were formed around the earth, as opposed to just the canopy, which had obscured the sun, the moon, and the stars. The remaining veil was of a high water content so that the orbs could now penetrate with their light. Of course the sun, the moon, and the stars had been previously made—long, long ago.

In Volume 6, on pages 33 and 34, the following statement was made: “God made [or caused to shine—a different verb not meaning created] two great lights; the greater light for the rule of the day [to indicate the time of day] and the lesser light, the night; the stars also.” According to Strong’s Concordance, the Hebrew asah, translated “made” in verse 16 in the King James Version, has the thought of “to do” or “to make” in the broadest sense but not in the sense of “to create.” Asah means “appointed.”

“To divide the day from the night.” Since “God divided the light from the darkness” in verse 4, how do we harmonize these two thoughts? And verse 5 states, “God called the light Day, and the darkness … Night.” In the Fourth Creative Day, the sun, the moon, and the stars could now be seen, as opposed to just a diffusion of light. Thus there was more definition to day and night, more mathematical precision. In the First Creative Day, the diffusion of light did not permit a distinct 12-hour (or so) day and a 12-hour (or so) night. The sun could be below the horizon yet still provide light by lighting up the canopy, so that “Day” was longer than “Night.” In the Fourth Creative Day, there was clarification of the atmosphere so that disks could be seen.

Incidentally, because of the earth’s axis at the time of the two equinoxes, day and night are equally 12 hours in length twice a year. Also, all stars are suns. Planets revolve around each star (or sun), but they are too far away for us to see.

Q: How are the “lights” (the sun, the moon, and the stars) “signs”?

A: Stars outside our solar system form the 12 signs of the Zodiac (or the Hebrew Mazzaroth). The plan of the ages is portrayed in the signs of the Zodiac. How are the sun and the moon “signs”? They show prophetic events both literally and symbolically. For example, the sun might be obscured by an eclipse or by another means on a particular day to indicate God’s displeasure. In 1870, when the pope pronounced the doctrine of papal infallibility in a window and was purposely bedecked with jewels to reflect the assumed sunlight, the heavens over the Vatican responded with anger—tremendous thunder and storm. In Joshua’s day, the sun “stood still” (Josh. 10:12,13); that is, it was dumb (this effect was not caused by an eclipse).

Daniel watched the heavens as a chief of the “astrologers.” Based on the “signs” in the heavens, the wise men traveled to Israel to see the babe Jesus. The heavens also reacted when Jesus was crucified. In regard to the Time of Trouble in the near future, the sun and the moon will be literally affected in some places of earth when the Kingdom is about to be inaugurated in Israel.

The sun, the moon, and the stars, especially the 12 signs of the Zodiac, show God’s foreknowledge long before man was created. Jesus is the Lamb slain before and from the foundation of the earth (Rev. 13:8). In verse 16, the words “he made” should be deleted, for they were incorrectly supplied before “the stars also.”

From an observer’s standpoint, as the Fourth Creative Day progressed, the sun first became visible, then the moon, and finally the stars as the canopy got thinner and was of a higher percentage of water in content. A clear water canopy existed up until Noah’s day. There may have been a little visible haze, but the people could clearly see the sun, the moon, and the stars.

“Signs” are mentioned first in verse 14, ahead of seasons, days, and years because spiritual things are more important than the natural. “Signs” are a larger, higher, and more important picture.

Gen. 1:20 And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in the open firmament of heaven.

Gen. 1:21 And God created great whales, and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

Verse 20 starts to describe the Fifth Creative Day. In regard to water and life being brought forth, if we consider the proportion of the earth’s surface that is water, a great acceleration of the process had to take place in order to produce life to the extent indicated here.

“Let the waters bring forth abundantly.” In Volume 6, page 35, we read, “And God said, Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures.” This statement, which applied especially to saltwater, indicates a tremendous, miraculous proliferation, an astounding multiplication.

Volume 6 continues on pages 35 and 36: “No man knoweth, and it is unwise to be dogmatic. It is not for us to dispute that even the protoplasm of the Paleozoic slime may not have come into existence through chemical action of the highly mineralized waters of those seas. [This is what scientists today are saying.] What we do claim is, that all came about as results of divine intention and arrangement, and, hence, were divine creations, whatever were the channels and agencies. And we claim that this is shown by the facts of nature no less than by the words of Genesis—that however the creatures of the sea were produced, they were brought to the condition in which each is, of its own kind—where the lines of species cannot be overridden. This is God’s work, by whatever means brought about.”

The Pastor thus suggested that the lower form of life could have started from a chemical action. But as time goes on, we think more and more of everything being done with a computer— from electrons to protoplasm and on up. Everything animate and inanimate is programmed, and God can make them come into being as He sees fit.

What about genetic engineering? With a knowledge of certain laws, scientists can produce bacteria, viruses, etc. However, in order for scientists to do this, God first had to program them. From order, scientists can do some manipulating. For example, the atom bomb was developed by knowing the inherent potential for energy, that is, by knowing God’s design for matter.

For life in the waters, “moving” creature (KJV) is more accurate than the marginal “creeping.” Strong’s definition of “moving” is “swarm, i.e., active mass of minute animals.”

Verse 21 reviews verse 20 in regard to both living, moving creatures in the waters and winged fowl in the “open firmament.” However, verse 21 adds information; namely, the creatures and fowl were brought forth “after their kind,” and God pronounced the development “good.” Verse 21 also says that God “created” them, as opposed to “Let the waters bring forth.”

Verse 20 suggests that God just said, “Let this happen,” and it happened. If the first moving creature was the lowest form of life (amoebas and protozoans), let us say that they came forth through a chemical action. But notice, amoebas and protozoans do not have heads, legs, fins, etc. They simply divided. Then verse 21 shows that taking advantage of this lowest type of life, God instructed it and designed the various bacteria, viruses, etc. Life did not just happen to come into existence, for each has it own “kind.”

To state the matter another way, verse 20 shows the very basic type of moving creatures in the waters. Then verse 21 tells that God designed them, which is a different thought than just random chemical action. In other words, the amoebas and paramecia developed into other forms, and once this happened, the forms were fixed.

God created great whales; that is, the whale did not evolve. It is true that there are varieties of whales, but God designed the whale to look like a whale. In other words, God created all forms of life, whether microscopic or huge. But verse 20 shows that a basic form of life was produced first.

Computers can do drawings when instructed through a keyboard by a human operator. Thus the operator “creates” by instructing what he wants. This procedure works because the computer was formatted to follow the instructions. And so with all matter, animate and inanimate, there is a built-in code (DNA, for example) that God can instruct, and the matter will respond. Out of this swarm of life, God said, “Let a whale be created,” but he put into the swarm the design that He wanted. All matter, animate and inanimate, can respond to whatever God wills. For instance, if God said to an individual, “I want you to disappear,” that person would atomize or vaporize. No one else could cause such a reaction just by his voice. That is why God is the Creator, the Author, and the Mover of all. He does not have to physically exert Himself. By His voice alone—by voice control—He can make matter do whatever He wants.

When God said, “Let the waters bring forth abundantly [swarm],” the wording suggests a prolific explosion of life but in its simplest form. From that form, God created every moving creature after its kind, not only the great whale but also the most minute creature. What about the electrons? They are all the same, being either positive or negative. What about the minerals? All iron, all silver, all magnesium, etc., is made of the same components, that is, the same electrons, protons, or whatever. Electrons have no shape—they are just a force of energy and power—and when a particular combination is put together, the result is always the same.

The great variety of animal life all started with one neutral, shapeless mass like an amoeba. From that basic form of life, God made the various species, which were fixed and could regenerate their own kind.

It did not take millions and billions of years for the animals to develop. Everything was programmed in advance, and God just had to give the voice command. God said, “Let the waters swarm with swarms [plural].” Then He gave definition to each animal, bird, etc. He designed each one as a separate creation. The designing took time, for the animals, birds, etc., were individual concepts, done one by one. Once the designing was complete, God gave a voice command, and the creature was made. In other words, the designing took time, but the actual making was quick.

Just as the universe is infinite, so there are infinite lessons in the variety of living creatures. Protoplasm was the first slime or undeveloped force, and from that protoplasm, various patterns were made. God gave instruction for the waters to swarm; then from that life, He created the various creatures.

Gen. 1:22 And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.

God simply blessed His creations and said, “Be fruitful, and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.” We should take this statement at face value. Notice the contrast between the sea creatures and the winged fowl. Only the former multiplied so prolifically.

Gen. 1:23 And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.

The Fifth Creative Day pertained to life being created in the water and the atmosphere. In the Sixth Creative Day, life was created on dry land, on the earth, on soil.

Gen. 1:24 And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so.

Gen. 1:25 And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good.

Verse 25 modifies or explains verse 24. Just as there was a basic or low form of life in the water to begin with, so the case was the same with dry land or earth. Cows, goats, sheep, lions, etc., are all composed of earth elements. God formed Adam out of the “dust of the ground,” that is, out of the material of the earth (Gen. 2:7). Out of earth’s material, God made the form of a man and breathed into it the breath of life so that it became a living soul. He did the same with the animals. “Let the earth bring forth” suggests a very low plateau of development (verse 24).

Then “God made [designed, created] the beast of the earth … and cattle … and every thing that creepeth upon the earth.” God programmed a dog, a sheep, a giraffe, and so forth, from the low form.

The little seed from which each of us starts is programmed to develop two arms, one nose, one head, etc., and another seed is programmed to be a cow, yet originally they all looked alike. A little tiny seed grows, according to a code, into some kind of living land creature.

“Let the earth bring forth.” All of the elements existed, and God instructed them to develop in various ways. A human develops from one cell, but that cell is a world or universe in itself.

Stated another way, in the cell is a miniature universe. Solid matter (minerals) also has a structure, formula, and/or diagram. The man, the dog, the cow, etc., are all flesh; hence they are all land or earth creatures. Earth material comprises all land animals.

All living animals and creatures, including man, possess souls. The Greek word pneuma pertains to air. God has a memory bank, and the soul of man will have a resurrection. Each soul is a separate, distinct individual. Hence the pneuma of a man is more personal than the pneuma of a beast, but one thing is common to all: the breath part of the pneuma, the oxygen.

God designed (created) all flesh creatures; that is, He gave them their genetic code, formed them, and then let them replicate themselves from His designed procreation feature. From another perspective, all earth, or flesh, beings can be reduced to a common denominator, including the insects.

The word translated “beast” refers to wild animals. The word “cattle” means domestic animals such as sheep and goats. The term “creeping thing” refers to lizards, insects, etc. God “made” (created, designed) all cattle and beasts and everything that creeps. All of these categories came into being in the Sixth Creative Day. In the Kingdom, some form of control will be exerted to limit (not extinguish) the more harmful ones.

Gen. 1:26 And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

In the clause “let them have dominion,” the pronoun “them” refers to Adam and Eve, male and female. (See verse 27 for context and also to see clearly that “them” refers to both Adam and Eve.) Although Adam was created first, the fact that he was created with the rib to be subsequently used for Eve meant Adam could be called “them” in a prophetic sense.

The clause “Let us make man in our image” requires an explanation. Some King James margins have the following note for verse 26: “The plural of majesty as in Ezra 4:18.” If we examine Ezra 4:18, we see that the king was talking: “The letter which ye sent unto us [referring to the king singular] hath been plainly read before me.” Also, we sometimes use a rhetorical or editorial plural when referring to self. For example, “We [really meaning ‘I’] think such-andsuch.” In the past, kings also used an editorial “we.” The verb “make” in Genesis 1:26 is in the singular. Trinitarians would say this is conclusive proof that they are right—that God the Father and God the Son, being one, would have a singular verb—but this works the other way too.

The Father (singular) did the creating, and He is speaking in the sense of fullness or plenitude of power; hence a singular verb is correct. And Genesis 2:7 states that the “LORD [Jehovah] God” (alone) created Adam. God was personally involved in creating Adam, rather than have Jesus assisting. God created the first spiritual being. God also created the first man or physical being. And God created the first woman. He is the Creator. From then on, there were different processes of generation for both angelic and human beings. Humans reproduce and angels multiply in another way, but the initial work makes God the Creator for the universe as well as for intelligent beings.

The original design or concept of man and beast was in God’s mind. But creation was not merely a blueprint or design, for it included the initial output as well. God is more than just the Architect; He did the initial work.

The plurality of majesty with Elohim for God, followed by the plural pronouns “us” and “our,” can also be explained in another way. Although God alone created Adam, He was speaking in the presence of the Logos and the angels, who were only privileged, enthusiastic observers.

Gen. 1:27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.

Three times God is given sole credit for creating Adam. (1) “God created man.” (2) “In the image of God created he [that is, God] him [Adam].” (3) “Male and female created he them.” Also, Genesis 5:1 reaffirms God’s action: “In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him.” The credit emphatically goes to Jehovah.

God did many things on His own, without the assistance of the Logos. For example, God did not live in a vacuum until He created the Logos. The Logos was in a learning state and did not know about man and woman prior to their creation. Man and woman were God’s thinking—a new physical creation. God is also the Author of the new spiritual creation. Christians are begotten by the Word of God. God calls them. Jesus is in the picture but in a different capacity. “Let us make man in our image” (verse 26). This was something new. The angels were familiar with God, the Logos, Lucifer, themselves, the houses (or “mansions”) in heaven, spiritual plants and animals, etc. (John 14:2). But now came a physical likeness of that which was spiritual—and it was miniature, exceedingly tiny, in comparison with great, very large spirit beings, who can travel with the speed of thought. To see such a radical creation, a physical man in God’s image, was like a surprise party. This human being could speak, think, sing, worship, etc. Adam was like a miniature spirit being in physical, fleshly form. And a “woman” was completely new. There were no females in heaven.

For Jesus to assist in Adam’s creation, God would have had to discuss all of the details with him first. No, God made Adam, and by doing so, He did not minimize His own position. All through his ministry, Jesus recognized the Heavenly Father as being vastly superior. In the initiation of creation—heaven, the Logos, the physical concept, man and woman, the calling of the spiritual new creation—everything was God’s doing. Proverbs 8:22-31 is also pertinent. God did the creating. Jesus was like a child being brought up; he was not a master workman to start with. Jesus was being trained.

Adam was more than just a mental and moral image of God. He was a physical likeness of the spiritual as well. Some of the angels were later attracted to the human female—because there was a similarity in form. The Bible tells us that God has ears, eyes, a nose, hands, arms, feet, etc.— the same number as humans (Psa. 34:15; 89:13; Exod. 15:8; Isa. 45:12; Nahum 1:3). Human females looked like angels except they were female and physical; hence disobedient angels left their first estate and married human women (Gen. 6:1,2; Jude 6). The female form was an attraction from both the sexual standpoint and the different temperament. “Image” means a physical likeness of that which is spiritual. Adam and Eve were created in the mental, moral, and physical likeness of God. In addition, they had a lordship like God; namely, they had dominion over the animals, the fish, and the fowl.

God made man “in our image” and “after our likeness” (verse 26). The two phrases suggest more than just a mental and a moral likeness. Spirit beings have arms and legs too, but they have far more capabilities, whereas physical beings are extremely limited. Spirit beings can roam throughout the universe, see God, enlarge or condense themselves, and so forth. The story of the genie compacted in a bottle is based on certain truths. At the time of the Flood, the fallen angels, who were tremendous in size, were reduced and confined, or imprisoned, in tartaroo about the earth. Tartaroo is a very small space compared to the universe.

Notice that God made both Adam and Eve in the Sixth Creative Day. In fact, verses 24-31 all took place during the Sixth Creative Day.

Gen. 1:28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.

When verses 26 and 28 are combined, we see that Adam and Eve had dominion over (1) water creatures, (2) air creatures, (3) land creatures, and (4) the earth itself. Giving dominion to man disproves the evolution theory. God created Adam and gave him the dominion.

Comment: We could say to evolutionists, “If evolution were correct in regard to humankind, where did the female come from?”

God told Adam and Eve to “be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish [fill] the earth.” In the Fifth Creative Day, God instructed the creatures of the sea to do the same in the waters (Gen. 1:22). The seas were comfortably filled, not overfilled, and so will the earth be—ultimately. With the animal domain, a balance in nature takes care of (or prevents) the overfilling.

Gen. 1:29 And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.

Man’s original diet was along vegetarian lines and included fruit from trees. Not until after the Flood was man told he could eat meat (Gen. 9:3).

Q: Were only certain trees intended for food, or will every tree eventually supply food? A: Particular trees are for medicinal purposes rather than for food, but in some way, all trees, herbs, and plants will benefit man and beast.

Gen. 1:30 And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.

God’s design is for the animals to also have a vegetarian diet. That was the case in the Garden of Eden, before the curse. After the curse, many things changed. In the Kingdom, the lion will eat straw like the ox, and this development and similar changes will be a return to the Garden of Eden condition (Isa. 11:7).

Q: If the plants and herbs were all intended for food and medicinal purposes, was part of the curse that some became unsuitable for food?

A: Yes, the curse changed many things. God’s original plan existed for only a very short time in the Garden of Eden.

Q: Because verse 30 does not mention the creatures of the sea, could they have devoured each other originally?

A: Yes, conditions could have been different in the lower forms.

Q: If the birds ate plants and seeds at this time, would they not have fed on insects also?

A: We do not know.

Comment: Since the insects were brought forth in the Sixth Creative Day, it would seem like a good means of control for the birds to feed upon them. If the birds ate only plants, herbs, and seeds at this time, perhaps there was another means of control.

Reply: Yes, the balance of nature is another subject. Since the curse, the balance of nature has been different. It is achieved by one animal, etc., devouring another. A different balance existed in the Garden of Eden.

Comment: The implication is that in the future, there will be a return to organic medicine.

Reply: Yes. During the Kingdom, plants will be used for healing and curing. After the Kingdom Age, they will be used for preventive purposes and for maintenance of health. A vegetarian diet will be the rule into the ages of ages. Spiritually, the tree of life will be available during the Kingdom, but when the Kingdom ends, those worthy to attain the ages beyond will have access to a literal tree of life.

Gen. 1:31 And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.

The pronouncement at the end of the Sixth Creative Day was “Very good,” a greater accolade than heretofore. The creation of man and woman, the highest form of perfect flesh life here on earth, was a crowning achievement. But there were only two such beings, for sin entered before man multiplied. After the Millennium, the end of the Seventh Day, the earth will be filled with perfect beings. Incidentally, if we can see samples of beauty here on an imperfect, unfinished earth, how much grander the spiritual realm will be!

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