Luke Chapter 14 Parable of the Great Supper, Hating Mother and FatherJul 1st, 2009 | By admin | Category: Luke, Verse by Verse --Studies led by Br. Frank Shallieu (Click on Book name)
Luke Chapter 14 Parable of the Great Supper, Hating Mother and Father
Luke 14:1 And it came to pass, as he went into the house of one of the chief Pharisees to eat bread on the sabbath day, that they watched him.
Luke 14:2 And, behold, there was a certain man before him which had the dropsy.
Luke 14:3 And Jesus answering spake unto the lawyers and Pharisees, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath day?
Luke 14:4 And they held their peace. And he took him, and healed him, and let him go;
Luke 14:5 And answered them, saying, Which of you shall have an ass or an ox fallen into a pit, and will not straightway pull him out on the sabbath day?
Luke 14:6 And they could not answer him again to these things.
Jesus embarrassed the lawyers and Pharisees by asking, “Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath day?” Considering this question to be a trap, they declined to answer. (Many will not buck orthodox thinking even in matters that pertain to truth.)
Jesus continued, “If one of your animals fell into a pit on the sabbath, wouldn’t you rescue it?” Again the lawyers and Pharisees refused to answer, even though they knew they would pull the animal out of the pit. Jesus was rubbing salt in the wound for their benefit. Hence a Christlike manner is not always gentle. Jesus spoke strongly to those who needed it, including his disciples (for example, he said to them, “O ye of little faith”).
Luke 14:7 And he put forth a parable to those which were bidden, when he marked how they chose out the chief rooms; saying unto them,
Luke 14:8 When thou art bidden of any man to a wedding, sit not down in the highest room; lest a more honourable man than thou be bidden of him;
Luke 14:9 And he that bade thee and him come and say to thee, Give this man place; and thou begin with shame to take the lowest room.
Luke 14:10 But when thou art bidden, go and sit down in the lowest room; that when he that bade thee cometh, he may say unto thee, Friend, go up higher: then shalt thou have worship in the presence of them that sit at meat with thee.
Luke 14:11 For whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.
The “lowest room” would be the least honorable seating, or place, at a table. Jesus noticed that some walked in and chose the select places to sit. The wisest course was to sit at the lowest end of the table, for the host could always invite a person to a higher place. If the host did not issue such an invitation, so be it, but the embarrassment would be avoided of choosing a high place and then being asked to move so another could have the seat. Probably in this instance, someone wrongfully sat in the chief place, and the host had to ask him to move to give Jesus the spot. At any rate, Jesus used the hypothetical case of a wedding to point out a lesson.
“Whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased [ultimately]; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted [eventually].” The reverse is true today. In the present life, aggressiveness gets ahead, but such actions and character will be a hindrance in the next age.
Luke 14:12 Then said he also to him that bade him, When thou makest a dinner or a supper, call not thy friends, nor thy brethren, neither thy kinsmen, nor thy rich neighbours; lest they also bid thee again, and a recompence be made thee.
Luke 14:13 But when thou makest a feast, call the poor, the maimed, the lame, the blind:
Luke 14:14 And thou shalt be blessed; for they cannot recompense thee: for thou shalt be recompensed at the resurrection of the just.
The world usually invites selfishly and on the basis of like kind, issuing “elitist” invitations, as it were. “Birds of a feather flock together” is a common saying. Jesus was giving sound, practical advice for the world—but not for Christian fellowship. Christians should not have a mixture of fellowship with the world. If they do, they will not come off unscathed.
Luke 14:15 And when one of them that sat at meat with him heard these things, he said unto him, Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.
Luke 14:16 Then said he unto him, A certain man made a great supper, and bade many:
Luke 14:17 And sent his servant at supper time to say to them that were bidden, Come; for all things are now ready.
Luke 14:18 And they all with one consent began to make excuse. The first said unto him, I have bought a piece of ground, and I must needs go and see it: I pray thee have me excused.
Luke 14:19 And another said, I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to prove them: I pray thee have me excused.
Luke 14:20 And another said, I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
Luke 14:21 So that servant came, and showed his lord these things. Then the master of the house being angry said to his servant, Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind.
Luke 14:22 And the servant said, Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
Luke 14:23 And the lord said unto the servant, Go out unto the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
Luke 14:24 For I say unto you, That none of those men which were bidden shall taste of my supper.
Now Jesus raised the conversation to a higher level. Out of all who heard him in the Pharisee’s house, only one appreciated Jesus’ words and said, “Blessed is he that shall eat bread in the kingdom of God.” Jesus immediately gave the Parable of the Great Supper, which is a reminder of the principle “many [shall] be called, but few chosen” (Matt. 20:16).
When bidden to enter the race for the high calling, one after another made excuses along temporal lines, so the master of the house told his servant to go out into the city streets and call the poor, the maimed, the halt, and the blind. The “city” was the Jewish nation. When not enough Jews accepted, the master sent his servant into the highways and byways—that is, to Gentile lands—with the instruction “Compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.” “Compel” means to urge, to earnestly plead. None of those who were invited and refused will taste of Jesus’ “supper.” Only a few Jews responded, so the call went to Gentiles.
Luke 14:25 And there went great multitudes with him: and he turned, and said unto them,
Luke 14:26 If any man come to me, and hate not his father, and mother, and wife, and children, and brethren, and sisters, yea, and his own life also, he cannot be my disciple.
Luke 14:27 And whosoever doth not bear his cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple.
Luke 14:28 For which of you, intending to build a tower, sitteth not down first, and counteth the cost, whether he have sufficient to finish it?
Luke 14:29 Lest haply, after he hath laid the foundation, and is not able to finish it, all that behold it begin to mock him,
Luke 14:30 Saying, This man began to build, and was not able to finish.
Luke 14:31 Or what king, going to make war against another king, sitteth not down first, and consulteth whether he be able with ten thousand to meet him that cometh against him with twenty thousand?
Luke 14:32 Or else, while the other is yet a great way off, he sendeth an ambassage, and desireth conditions of peace.
Luke 14:33 So likewise, whosoever he be of you that forsaketh not all that he hath, he cannot be my disciple.
Jesus gave three prerequisites for discipleship, as follows:
1. Love for the Lord has to be superior to love for family and self. Our commitment has to be definite so that even if a breach results, we will be loyal to the Lord and not submit should family wish us to go in an opposite direction. And we must love the Lord more than our own life. Stated another way, we must love God with all our heart, mind, soul, and strength. “Hate” means to hate by comparison. Compare Matthew 10:37, “He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me.” Jesus is not calling those with average enthusiasm. He wants us to be overcomers based on faith in Christ’s power, protection, etc.
2. An individual must bear his own cross and follow after Jesus. In other words, each one has a particular problem when first coming into the truth as well as afterwards, and that problem must be borne patiently and faithfully. Jesus said to “come after me”; that is, “Follow my leading; walk as I walked.” We must walk in Jesus’ footsteps.
Two conditions are sometimes mentioned, of which the second is more advanced: (1) selfdenial and (2) cross bearing. Self-denial, the negation of self, is necessary but not sufficient. There must also be cross bearing, following after Jesus. In other words, the Christian must do certain things. Many have the idea that the Christian just gives up something or does not do this or that, but the Bible has much instruction on what to do.
Jesus’ advice was to count the cost. One could look at this advice from a discouraging standpoint, but the intention was otherwise. Which one of us in our own strength would contemplate doing the Lord’s will? We have to exercise faith—something like Joshua and Caleb.
Ten spies reported how big (like giants) the inhabitants of the land of Canaan were, whereas Joshua and Caleb trusted that the Lord would overrule. Thus two of the twelve gave an encouraging report. Fear enlarges the difficulty; it magnifies the problem. The Christian should be optimistic. If God says something can be done, it can be done, and we are not to weigh the situation from the standpoint of our own capability, even though the wording is somewhat like that here in Luke.
Jesus said that when contemplating building a tower, we should first sit down and consider the effort needed to construct it, for if we do not finish the tower, people will look at it and mock. The advice is not to rush into consecration without giving it consideration. Consecration is a marathon race. When we enter that race, we should realize it is a long haul—unto death. The race is not run in short spurts. Having some sense of the responsibility involved will carry us a long way. The evangelist who preaches Christ should be careful not to play on the emotions of individuals because emotions waver. We all have ups and downs. We should not be discouraged but should be realistic about what consecration entails. The Lord would not call one unless the individual could make his calling and election sure. Consecration is a lifetime commitment, and it is helpful to know in advance that consecration requires above-average effort. As shown by the illustration of the king having 10,000 men and the enemy 20,000— twice as many—the ones who excel in their consecration have the drive and the desire. They make the effort to supersede their normal capabilities. Lesson: Run to win the race, not to come in second or third. Exert the effort. Run as if there is only one crown. An attitude is being stressed here. If we have the desire, the Lord will prosper it.
Verses 32 and 33 are strong talk. Jesus was saying, “Do not compromise. Count the cost first so that when an enemy approaches, you will not compromise, putting peace ahead of purity.” “The wisdom that is from above is first pure, then peaceable” (James 3:17).
3. Jesus’ disciples must have the desire to forsake all that they have. We should examine ourselves and ask, “Am I really running the race with the hope of gaining the crown?” This question should be asked not only initially but repeatedly throughout our consecration. Two things can keep us from getting the crown: (1) dropping out of the race completely (a Second Death destiny) or (2) compromising (a Great Company destiny).
At the present time, the battle is chiefly within ourselves—conquering our own spirit. In times past, there were physical persecutions, and they will occur again in the future. We should gain inward victories now so that when outward persecution comes, we will zealously and enthusiastically wage an aggressive war against the evil.
If we do not have the right spirit, we are going to compromise and send out an “ambassage” for conciliation. In advance of consecration, we should ask, “Do I really want to do the Lord’s will?” We should search our own motives at the beginning, during the race, and at the end.
Luke 14:34 Salt is good: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be seasoned?
Luke 14:35 It is neither fit for the land, nor yet for the dunghill; but men cast it out. He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
The purpose of salt is to season or flavor food. If salt loses its savor, it becomes worthless.
Lesson: If truth and the zeal for truth are lost completely, the individual is worthless for that purpose—he cannot interest others in truth. Incidentally, Old Testament offerings were to include a pinch of salt, picturing zeal.
A Second Death class is shown here, a class who are good for nothing. Warning: Do not be lukewarm—the Lord does not want lukewarm Christians. He was saying in effect, “If you are lukewarm, you are not even a disciple.” Revelation 3:16 gives the principle: “So then because thou art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spew thee out of my mouth.” Then Jesus brought in the danger of Second Death as a watchdog; namely, salt that has lost its flavor “is neither fit for the land, nor yet for the dunghill; but men cast it out.”
We are not to forsake “the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching. For if we sin wilfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remaineth no more sacrifice for sins” (Heb. 10:25,26). Paul was warning about the danger of Second Death, not to frighten us but to help us. Usually one does not suddenly go out of the truth; he glides out. In the Book of Hebrews, starting with chapter 2, Paul showed how one could slip little by little.
Strong admonitions (barking) help to wake up the hearer. “He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.” In other words, “If you have ears to hear, hear this counsel!” We will not even attain the Great Company unless we strive for the Little Flock. This is the age of testing, so to even get into the Great Company, we must want to serve the Lord in our hearts—and do it! Wishful thinking will not get us into the Great Company. Effort is required.