Jeremiah Chapter 46; Prophecy Against the Gentiles (Egypt)

Dec 26th, 2009 | By | Category: Jeremiah, Psalm 83 and Gog & Magog, Verse by Verse --Studies led by Br. Frank Shallieu (Click on Book name)

Jeremiah Chapter 46; Prophecy Against the Gentiles (Egypt)

Jer. 46:1 The word of the LORD which came to Jeremiah the prophet against the Gentiles;

The intent of the prophecies starting in this chapter and extending to the end of the book (that is, through chapters 50 and 51 pertaining to Babylon) was to speak against the Gentiles. More specifically, chapters 46-49 pertain to Israel’s immediate Arab neighbors—and hence to the Psalm 83 setting in the antitype, which will occur before the destruction of mystic Babylon (Christendom) in chapters 50 and 51. From here on, there will be prophecies about other nations and no more details about Jeremiah’s life. Each chapter pertains to a different Gentile power: Egypt, the Philistines, Moab, Ammon, Edom, Damascus, Kedar, Hazor, and Elam.

Chapter 46, then, is a break point in the Book of Jeremiah.

Jer. 46:2 Against Egypt, against the army of Pharaoh-necho king of Egypt, which was by the river Euphrates in Carchemish, which Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon smote in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah.

Of the Gentile nations against which judgment would be brought, Egypt was mentioned first.

Here we are given history of the fourth year of Jehoiakim, when a battle took place way up north near the Euphrates River at Carchemish. (The time setting was the same for the previous chapter.) In this battle, which was fought between King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon and Pharaoh-necho of Egypt, the Egyptians were defeated, and good King Josiah was slain. In the early chapters of Jeremiah, we heard that a message was sent to the various nations, and now we will learn the contents of that message. When ambassadors of the various nations came to Jerusalem to consult on business, Jeremiah used the opportunity to put a wooden yoke on each one and give a judgment message to deliver to the respective king, telling what the God of Israel intended to do to that nation.

King Nebuchadnezzar fought Egypt in two major battles. Ezekiel had predicted that Egypt’s two arms would be broken (Ezek. 30:21-26). (1) In 624 BC, the fourth year of Jehoiakim, the first arm of Egypt was broken up at the Euphrates River near Carchemish. The general of any army would have liked to capture Carchemish because it was situated in a critical position in what is northern Lebanon today. Succeeding verses give details of what happened during that confrontation. (2) In 601 BC, which was the fifth year after 606 BC, Nebuchadnezzar invaded Egypt and broke the second arm.

Jer. 46:3 Order ye the buckler and shield, and draw near to battle.

Jer. 46:4 Harness the horses; and get up, ye horsemen, and stand forth with your helmets; furbish the spears, and put on the brigandines.

To attract the attention of the people, Jeremiah would have delivered this message loudly and dramatically. Back there God advertised His truth by this method, and as a result, news spread throughout the nation via the grapevine. Jeremiah spoke and acted out the motions as if he were literally seeing the battle preparations. The people were to pay attention and get the point, but of course whether or not they would obey was another matter, for God does not tamper with free will, which is almost like our native conscience of right and wrong.

Who was doing all this preparation? The Egyptians were preparing in their homeland for war against the king of Babylon. In addition, two major allies of Egypt were also preparing.

(“Brigandines” were coats of mail, or armor.) Incidentally, God blessed both Jeremiah and Baruch with splendid memories so that they could recall the pertinent and important points of His word.

Comment: Even though Jeremiah gave the prophecies in Judah, ambassadors took them to the various nations, so word got back to Nebuchadnezzar that this prophet was speaking a judgment message against Judah.

Jer. 46:5 Wherefore have I seen them dismayed and turned away back? and their mighty ones are beaten down, and are fled apace, and look not back: for fear was round about, saith the LORD.

Jer. 46:6 Let not the swift flee away, nor the mighty man escape; they shall stumble, and fall toward the north by the river Euphrates.

Now Jeremiah became a seer. He described Egypt making great preparations to battle offensively, intending to do away with the king of Babylon and to establish a world empire. Shields were polished, horses were harnessed, coats of mail were put on, etc., in anticipation of a great Egyptian victory. In confidence, the Egyptians went up to the critical battleground of Carchemish, but what would happen? They would flee in fear, panic, and mass hysteria. All their preparations would be to no avail against the king of Babylon, the big colossus. Fleeing Egyptians would be overtaken and killed, even though they were mighty men of war. They were beaten down, and not many escaped. Thus they perished in the north near the Euphrates.

Imagine Jeremiah’s giving this dramatic prophecy in advance! It was given prior to the fourth year of Jehoiakim, in the reign of Josiah, about what would happen in that year. When King Josiah died, Jehoahaz became king but reigned for only three months before he was replaced by Jehoiakim.

Therefore, Jeremiah made these predictions during the reign of Josiah. The Book of Jeremiah does not tell much about the 18 or so early years of Jeremiah’s ministry during Josiah’s reign.

He began his ministry around the middle of that king’s reign, yet the book starts with what was said during the reign of Jehoiakim. Not until later chapters, such as here, are some of the things prophesied during Josiah’s reign brought to light.

Seven or eight years after Nebuchadnezzar achieved this victory over Egypt, he turned his attention to Judah and went down to Jerusalem, that is, during the reign of Jehoiachin. The regrouping of his forces and the handling of the captives and the booty required some time.

When Nebuchadnezzar came back down, he took 3,023 leading personalities captive to Babylon. The captives included Jehoiachin, Daniel, and the three Hebrew children.

Unfortunately, history is not taught. History is needed for a time frame, and geography is important for a land frame, both of which provide a basis for understanding. Otherwise, everything is confusion. For example, the chronologies of Egypt and Israel are all out of whack unless scriptural clues are used to properly sequence them. What good is the collection of a lot of facts if they cannot be connected?

Jer. 46:7 Who is this that cometh up as a flood, whose waters are moved as the rivers?

Egypt would come up “as a flood”; its waters would be moved “as the rivers.” The Nile was the lifeline of Egypt. Thus Jeremiah was saying, “The Nile is down there, but its waters— Egypt—will be going up to Carchemish as a flood.” Egypt would flood its banks, as it were, because militarily they thought they could defeat the king of Babylon. Instead, when the Egyptian men of war got to this critical area, they turned around and fled.

Jer. 46:8 Egypt riseth up like a flood, and his waters are moved like the rivers; and he saith, I will go up, and will cover the earth; I will destroy the city and the inhabitants thereof.

The waters of Egypt would rise up like a flood and move like the rivers. Rivers move, and in this case, the Nile was figuratively removed from its bed to flow north up to the Euphrates and Carchemish. The boast would be, “I … will cover the earth; I will destroy the city [Babylon] and the inhabitants thereof.”

The two superpowers at this time were Babylon and Egypt. The Old Testament does not tell much about Egypt except in dribs and drabs, but if these small amounts are pieced together, there is tremendous information. One reason the information is not in a compact form is that Daniel started the four universal empires with the king of Babylon. Egypt, the previous world power, is out of the picture.

Jer. 46:9 Come up, ye horses; and rage, ye chariots; and let the mighty men come forth; the Ethiopians and the Libyans, that handle the shield; and the Lydians, that handle and bend the bow.

Jeremiah continued to describe preparations for the coming battle near the Euphrates. Allies of Egypt (Ethiopia, Libya, and Lydia) collaborated with the Egyptians to fight this battle. God said, “Come up [into the trap].” In other words, Egypt and its allies went into a trap and were defeated. Nebuchadnezzar, the “head of gold,” was one of the world’s greatest kings, but history ignores him (Dan. 2:32,38).

Q: Why are the names Cush, Put (Phut), and Lud used in some translations?

A: Those are the Hebrew names, but the reference is the same. In the years after the Flood, Noah’s three sons—Ham, Shem, and Japheth—went in different directions. One of Ham’s sons went to India, and the name Cush changed to Kash. Later another son of Ham went south; he bypassed Canaan, went into Egypt, and established a kingdom in what we call Ethiopia. Again the prophecy was dramatic: “Come up, ye horses; and rage, ye chariots; and let the mighty men come forth.” The Ethiopians and the Libyans were particularly noted for their expertise in handling the shield, and the Lydians skillfully handled the bow.

Incidentally, prior to the printing press, the Eastern world far excelled the Western world in progress and development. As Christianity developed, it brought light and civilization to the Western world.

Jer. 46:10 For this is the day of the Lord GOD of hosts, a day of vengeance, that he may avenge him of his adversaries: and the sword shall devour, and it shall be satiate and made drunk with their blood: for the Lord GOD of hosts hath a sacrifice in the north country by the river Euphrates.

“This is the day of the Lord GOD of hosts, a day of vengeance, that he may avenge him of his adversaries: and the sword shall devour, and it shall be satiate [dripping] and made drunk with their blood.” In addition to the literal fulfillment back in Jeremiah’s day, this account is a picture, or type, of the end time of the Gospel Age, “for the Lord GOD of hosts hath a sacrifice in the north country by the river Euphrates.” This dramatic battle affected the whole civilized world as it existed in the prophet’s day; hence a “world war” was prophesied at a critical juncture of history. The Minor Prophets speak of the day of God’s vengeance in the near future, and Jeremiah’s prophecy helps to throw a little light on the same future day of vengeance. Notice, however, that in saying this was a day of vengeance for God, the antitype cannot be Gog and Magog, for this battle arises as a flood from the south.

Earlier in the Book of Jeremiah, as well as here, Babylon pictures a non-Christian, communistic power for the most part. In later chapters, Babylon represents Christendom. These prophecies are not sequential—they just show a common capture of these nations.

Jer. 46:11 Go up into Gilead, and take balm, O virgin, the daughter of Egypt: in vain shalt thou use many medicines; for thou shalt not be cured.

Egypt was told to go up to Gilead in Transjordan and take balm. Gilead was famous for this medicinal balm, or salve. Egypt was not cured from her previous wounds (when the king of Babylon broke one “arm”), nor would she be cured from the wound to come (the breaking of the second “arm”) in the next war with Nebuchadnezzar. Even though Egypt had allies this time, the nation would be defeated (Ezek. 30:21,22).

Egypt was called “O virgin, the daughter of Egypt.” Judah, too, was called a “virgin” daughter (Lam. 1:15). In vain would Egypt “use many medicines,” for she would not be cured. In the fourth year of Jehoiakim, about eight years of his reign remained plus 11 years of Zedekiah, for a total of 19 years. Therefore, with the five additional years, the second arm of Egypt was broken about 24 years later. Egypt was defeated and still licking sores from the breaking of the first arm, so the nation could not be cured before Nebuchadnezzar came down and dealt the death blow, breaking the second arm.

From another perspective too, Egypt was called a “virgin.” This title was given in sarcasm, for the Egyptian religion stressed cleanliness. In other words, Egypt had a form of godliness.

Jer. 46:12 The nations have heard of thy shame, and thy cry hath filled the land: for the mighty man hath stumbled against the mighty, and they are both fallen together.

The nations would be made aware of this battle and of Egypt’s humiliation. “The mighty man [Egypt] hath stumbled against the mighty [Nebuchadnezzar], and they are both fallen together.” Even though Babylon would win, it would feel the effects of the battle.

It is important to note again that the antitype of this chapter is not Gog and Magog because the invasion is from south to north, not from north to south as in Gog’s coming down against Israel.

This was a day of vengeance, not the day of vengeance. For now, we will just say that a time frame of 3 1/2 years leads up to Jacob’s Trouble. Therefore, the antitype is the end time of the Gospel Age but not the final battle. A lot of events will take place before Gog and Magog come down.

Jer. 46:13 The word that the LORD spake to Jeremiah the prophet, how Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon should come and smite the land of Egypt.

Jer. 46:14 Declare ye in Egypt, and publish in Migdol, and publish in Noph and in Tahpanhes: say ye, Stand fast, and prepare thee; for the sword shall devour round about thee.

The fact that God’s Holy Spirit gives specific place names attracts our attention and alerts us that this prophecy has great importance. In the future, when God’s Kingdom is established and the people of this generation come forth from the grave and look back, they will attest to the truthfulness of these prophecies. It will be seen that mankind has had this wonderful book, the Bible, in its presence but has ignored it and gone off in other directions.

Jeremiah prophesied of the destruction of three literal cities of Egypt when Nebuchadnezzar would invade and smite the land: Migdol, Noph (Memphis), and Tahpanhes. Migdol is the last big town near the border before the Gaza Strip. Memphis was once the capital and main city of Egypt. Tahpanhes was where Jeremiah hid the stones in the lime kiln. Why were these three cities specifically mentioned?

This prophecy embraced the breaking of both arms of Egypt, which God had said would happen. The first arm was broken in the previous battle. This second battle would also end in defeat for Egypt, constituting the breaking of the other arm.

Comment: Jeremiah 44:1 mentions these same three cities as places where Jews were staying and worshipping Egyptian gods.

“Stand fast, and prepare.” The Egyptians would do all they could to defend themselves, but defeat would come anyway.

Jer. 46:15 Why are thy valiant men swept away? they stood not, because the LORD did drive them.

No matter how valiantly the best soldiers of Egypt fought, God would make sure they were swept away in defeat. God would prosper Nebuchadnezzar in this instance. Egypt’s humiliation was predetermined because of their iniquities in trying to do injury to God’s people, Israel, and their land.

Jer. 46:16 He made many to fall, yea, one fell upon another: and they said, Arise, and let us go again to our own people, and to the land of our nativity, from the oppressing sword.

God would make “many to fall.” With regard to the flight of Egyptians from the sword of the king of Babylon, we are given a personal insight into the sentiments of the soldiery: “Arise; let us get out of here while we can and go back to Egypt.”

The first confrontation (the breaking of the first arm) took place way up north near the Euphrates in the fourth year of Jehoiakim. The Egyptians were defeated, tired of battle, and thought they could go home to rest and survive. Egypt, a powerful advanced nation of that day, was known as the land of peace because it was so out of the way that much preparation was needed by any enemies who went down there. Armies were more interested in Asia Minor and the area up towards Russia and Europe. Thus Egypt was blessed by having the Nile River and very fertile ground along its banks. A person could just push seed into the ground with one foot and cover the seed with mud with the other foot, and lo and behold, the crops prospered with virtually no effort.

Jer. 46:17 They did cry there, Pharaoh king of Egypt is but a noise; he hath passed the time appointed.

Egypt was a world empire prior to Babylon, but now, with the fulfillment of this prophecy, Babylon would be the universal empire, for God was prospering Nebuchadnezzar. Egypt became a bag of wind compared to its previous glory with gold, temples, chariots, etc. The time appointed for Egypt’s power had passed.

Jer. 46:18 As I live, saith the King, whose name is the LORD of hosts, Surely as Tabor is among the mountains, and as Carmel by the sea, so shall he come.

Jehovah, “the LORD of hosts,” swore by Mount Tabor and Carmel by the sea (near Haifa), saying, “Surely as Tabor is among the mountains, and as Carmel [is] by the sea, so shall he [Nebuchadnezzar] come.” In other words, this would surely happen! Tabor and Carmel are striking landmarks. The first time Egypt’s arm was broken, all the damage was done in the north by the Euphrates River. The second time, when the other arm was broken, was an invasion into Egypt. Then the cities of Migdol, Memphis, and Tahpanhes were laid waste.

Comment: If the remnant of Judah had been submissive under Gedaliah and stayed peacefully in the land, God would not have destroyed the second arm of Egypt.

Reply: The killing of Gedaliah was a real insult to Nebuchadnezzar that required retribution.

Q: Does the prophecy of chapter 46 include the breaking of both arms of Egypt?

A: Yes. The breaking of the first arm was a defeat up near Carchemish; the breaking of the second arm took place in Egypt about 24 years later, in 601 BC.

Present-day Israel has high-rise buildings, unsightly architecture, deforested areas, etc. No wonder the Lord will wipe away modern civilization in the Time of Trouble and get back to simple living in the Kingdom. Incidentally, Tabor is usually called the Mount of Transfiguration.

Comment: The 24 years between the breaking of the first and second arms of Egypt covered a large portion of Nebuchadnezzar’s reign.

Reply: Yes. He reigned for 45 years, beginning in the fourth year of Jehoiakim. His father, Nabo-pileser, also had an empire, which is called the first Babylon. The Bible concentrates on the second Babylon under Nebuchadnezzar. When his father died, Nebuchadnezzar was down in Jerusalem dealing with Jehoiakim. Things happened in the third or fourth year of Jehoiakim (depending on how the year is broken), in the eleventh year of Jehoiakim, and in the eleventh year of Zedekiah. These three different dates are likened to three World Wars.

Jer. 46:19 O thou daughter dwelling in Egypt, furnish thyself to go into captivity: for Noph shall be waste and desolate without an inhabitant.

Again Egypt was called a “daughter.” The Bible purposely ignores some parts of history. For example, at one time, the Lord dealt with Caphtor, of which we have no knowledge (Deut. 2:23; Jer. 47:4; Amos. 9:7).

Both the Israelites and the Egyptians would go into captivity (few Jews and many Egyptians).

Noph would be laid waste without inhabitant. For 40 years, Egypt was desolate (see Ezekiel 29:9-12). Egypt has been a poor nation ever since that 40-year period.

Jer. 46:20 Egypt is like a very fair heifer, but destruction cometh; it cometh out of the north.

Egypt was like a “very fair heifer,” that is, like a contented female cow with a soft and pleasant life. She gave milk and nurtured young calves. Being isolated, protected, and separated from the other nations by a scorching desert, Egypt prospered and was very fertile, but judgment was coming from the north at the hand of Nebuchadnezzar.

From another standpoint, a young heifer is full of life and quite rambunctious. How promising the state of development of that cow is—whether or not the heifer will prosper—can be assessed by looking at her at that stage. Here the heifer (Egypt) would not prosper because of the coming destruction. The word “destruction,” referring to King Nebuchadnezzar, is rendered “gadfly” in the RSV and the NIV.

Jer. 46:21 Also her hired men are in the midst of her like fatted bullocks; for they also are turned back, and are fled away together: they did not stand, because the day of their calamity was come upon them, and the time of their visitation.

“Also her hired men [allies] are in the midst of her like fatted bullocks; for they also are turned back, and are fled away together.” Not only did Egypt’s allies flee the battlefield up near the Euphrates, but also they fled back to their hinterland when the king of Babylon invaded Egypt lest they suffer utter destruction themselves. Both Egypt and her allies were humiliated. Egypt’s “hired men” were her allies (Ethiopia, Libya, and Lydia), which included hired workers, or mercenaries. “Fatted bullocks” are large, well-bred males that are ready for the slaughter.

Verse 21 is saying that the Egyptian fighters would be defeated.

Comment: Tombs of bulls that were worshipped can be visited today in Saqqara, Egypt, which is not too far from Cairo.

Reply: These tremendous-sized bulls were put in underground graves. Each huge sarcophagus stands full-sized and upright. The tombs were discovered by a French archaeologist, and a person can walk right by the place and never see it unless he knows it is there. There is simply a hole in the flat desert and no buildings. The underground area is the length of a football field, with stall after stall after stall. Most of the stalls were looted because the bulls were buried with gold necklaces and all kinds of jewelry. The flesh of the bulls corrupted, leaving only the bones and treasures.

The 24 years between the breaking of the two arms was not much of a hiatus. Meanwhile, Nebuchadnezzar was very active in the first half of his reign, laying siege to Tyre, Sidon, Moab, Ammon, Gaza, Philistia, and other places.

Q: Do the references to “a very fair heifer” and “fatted bullocks” allude to the “sacrifice in the north country by the river Euphrates” (Jer. 46:10)?

A: Yes, the “sacrifice” took place in God’s “day of vengeance.”

Jer. 46:22 The voice thereof shall go like a serpent; for they shall march with an army, and come against her with axes, as hewers of wood.

The RSV reads, “She makes a sound like a serpent gliding away; for her enemies march in force, and come against her with axes, like those who fell trees.” The Babylonians would come against Egypt with ferocity—chopping off heads, etc. In their humiliation, the Egyptians tried to slink and sneak away like snakes. The picture is one of preparedness. The enemy forces were fully prepared with all necessary weapons and implements. The forest is both figurative and literal, for a petrified forest is evidence of large trees in Egypt in the past.

There is an interesting point about the fallen spirits. Three of us consecrated our lives together and were immersed off an island up in Connecticut many years ago. Earlier in the sister’s life, prior to consecration, she did not believe there were such beings as fallen angels, but something happened to wake her up. After consecration, her husband, who had had dealings with Houdini and a similar party before consecration, was visited by a woman who had dealt with seances. He wanted this woman to go away, but before she did, a voice spoke from the floor, replying to her. The sister was scared to death, and after the woman left, she said to her husband, “Did you hear what I heard?” He said, “Yes.” They had both heard the voice but had pretended it did not exist in the woman’s presence. The fallen angels have voices like the serpent that stood upright in the Garden of Eden. After possession by Satan, the serpent went on its belly, spiritually speaking. Here the “voice” of the Egyptians in defeat was one of humiliation. The voice was lowered like that of Satan when he used the serpent. The serpent was humiliated with the loss of its legs.

Comment: As an illustration, the implication is that a voice came up out of the earth to the witch of Endor in Saul’s presence (1 Sam. 28:7-15).

Jer. 46:23 They shall cut down her forest, saith the LORD, though it cannot be searched; because they are more than the grasshoppers, and are innumerable.

The Babylonians came down like a locust plague, causing great destruction. There was no place for the Egyptians to hide, for the forests were cut down. The invading host was innumerable.

This is an overall picture of World War III and of Babylon (communism) defeating Egypt (Christendom). A worldwide nuclear holocaust will totally disrupt society. People will scrounge for survival and not think about going to church, etc. (Note: This paragraph came from the earlier 1981-1983 study.)

Jer. 46:24 The daughter of Egypt shall be confounded; she shall be delivered into the hand of the people of the north.

Jer. 46:25 The LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saith; Behold, I will punish the multitude of No, and Pharaoh, and Egypt, with their gods, and their kings: even Pharaoh, and all them that trust in him:

No is in Upper Egypt (the Thebes-Luxor-Karnak area). Pharaoh and his subjects and large statues and idols (gods) would be affected. The heathen statues and temples were destroyed.

The despoliation embraced all of Egypt (Ezek. 29:2). Egypt had several “kings,” the Pharaoh being the chief one.

Jer. 46:26 And I will deliver them into the hand of those that seek their lives, and into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of his servants: and afterward it shall be inhabited, as in the days of old, saith the LORD.

After 40 years, Egypt would again be inhabited but would remain a base land; no longer would it be a superpower. In other words, in addition to the destruction, the land would be laid waste without inhabitant. Israel and Moab were also made desolate without inhabitant. Hence we can see what type of conqueror Nebuchadnezzar was. He either killed those he defeated or took them captive, and there were few of the latter category. Nevertheless, after this destruction and desolation, the Egyptian captives, the number of whom is not given, would return to their land in time.

Jer. 46:27 But fear not thou, O my servant Jacob, and be not dismayed, O Israel: for, behold, I will save thee from afar off, and thy seed from the land of their captivity; and Jacob shall return, and be in rest and at ease, and none shall make him afraid.

Jer. 46:28 Fear thou not, O Jacob my servant, saith the LORD: for I am with thee; for I will make a full end of all the nations whither I have driven thee: but I will not make a full end of thee, but correct thee in measure; yet will I not leave thee wholly unpunished.

Verses 27 and 28 are like a parenthetical footnote. Through Jeremiah, God turned his attention away from Egypt to comfort Israel. “I will save thee [Israel] from afar off, and thy seed from the land of their captivity; and Jacob shall return, and be in rest and at ease, and none shall make him afraid.” These two verses are a reference not to 536 BC, the end of the 70 years, but to our day. Nevertheless, the Israelites back there derived some comfort from these words. A permanent peace will come after God delivers Israel from Gog.

While many Jews have gone back to Israel in the Harvest period, especially since 1948, they are not at rest and at ease at the present time because they are surrounded by hostile Arabs.

However, there will be two periods of rest and ease. The first is a false peace in the near future, and the real peace will come afterward. The false peace, which will occur when the Arabs immediately surrounding Israel are dealt with, will be misunderstood by the Jews as the real peace. As a result, there will be a false confidence prior to the Gog and Magog setting and Jacob’s Trouble.

Comment: Isaiah 19:25 tells of the future blessing of the Lord on Egypt and Assyria: “Blessed be Egypt my people, and Assyria the work of my hands, and Israel mine inheritance.”

Reply: Yes, a time will come in the near future when the traditional enemies of Israel are at peace with her; former enmity will cease. The forces of Gog will come down from Russia with other motives in mind and a different type of animosity. In contrast, the Palestinians have a deep-seated rancor for the Jews, as well as a misconception of their own history, which started around AD 600. They mistakenly try to go back to Ham, Cush, and Cainan.

Verse 28 expresses Israel’s hope. There will come a time when God delivers Israel once and for all time. That will happen when He saves the Holy Remnant out of Jacob’s Trouble.

God “will make a full end of all the [other] nations,” but He will not make a full end of Israel; that is, He will make a full end of their national polity, or type of government. The Overland Monthly states that with the smiting of the image, all governments will cease. All nations will become proselytes to Israel and lose their present identity. They will get some kind of nomenclature, but we think the names will be quite different. Similarly, the names of the planets will be changed, for God has His own nomenclature (Psa. 147:4).

“I [God] will … correct thee [Israel] in measure; yet will I not leave thee wholly unpunished.” Again the account refers to the very end of the age. The original Hebrew is a little stronger than the King James rendering, for Israel will be purged at that time, with a small remnant being saved out of Jacob’s Trouble. The Holy Remnant will have the right heart condition; it is said of them, “Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth” (Psa. 110:3).

Note: The Berean Manual is in error in commenting on this chapter, for it quotes interpretations from other prophecies. We should remember that these comments were not compiled by the Pastor.

(1981-1983 and 1998-2004 Studies)

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