John Chapter 14: Many Mansions, Promise of the Comforter

Dec 21st, 2009 | By | Category: John, Verse by Verse --Studies led by Br. Frank Shallieu (Click on Book name)

John Chapter 14: Many Mansions, Promise of the Comforter

John 14:1 Let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe also in me.

This new chapter is still taking place at the scene of the Memorial. The word “also” shows separateness of personality between the Father and the Son—two personalities. The Revised Standard omits “ye” and puts “hearts” in the plural. The omission gives a slightly different thought. “Let not your hearts be troubled: believe in God, believe also in me.”

Why did Jesus say this about their hearts not being troubled? Already there was confusion, and he knew that doubt and confusion would increase subsequently when he was crucified. Their faith in him as Messiah would be shaken. He also may have been thinking about the betrayal, which was mentioned just a short time before. Judas Iscariot had left, so Jesus was addressing the faithful eleven when he said, “Let not your hearts be troubled.”

“Ye believe in God, believe also in me.” Why did Jesus add these words? In John 13:36, Jesus said plainly that where he was going, they could not then follow him (in fact, not until 1878). In view of his coming crucifixion, it was important that they believe in him and in the power of resurrection. The confusion at the table stemmed from several things: the betrayal, the coming crucifixion, the question as to who would be greatest in the Kingdom. All sorts of strange thoughts were going around in their minds on this solemn occasion.

The disciples were bewildered at the thought of separation from Jesus. For 3 1/2 years, they had followed him and gone everywhere with him, forsaking homes and families. Now they were puzzled and confused to hear he would leave them. His absence was a troubling thought. Their expectations were being dashed. The multitudes had cried, “Hosanna to the Son of David!” and the establishment of the Kingdom had seemed imminent. Now Jesus was saying everything to the contrary.

He was telling the eleven to cling to their faith, which would be needed in the difficult time immediately ahead. Their faith would be tried, not only in respect to Jesus but also in respect to God. They had thought God was using Jesus as His mouthpiece, for on the Mount of Transfiguration, Peter, James, and John had heard a voice say, “This is my beloved Son. Hear ye him!” (Matt. 17:5). There they had a contact with God, as it were, and they saw Jesus in resplendent, effulgent glory with his face and garments shining. Jesus’ appearance, coupled with his tumultuous welcome on his Triumphal Entry, had enkindled great hope, but now all hope was turning dark. Jesus would be betrayed and crucified, and Peter would deny him three times.

All of these factors led to Jesus’ statement in verse 1 about their hearts and believing in God and him. A very troublesome situation indeed existed among those who were there. Jesus realized the apostles were about to go through deep waters and would need every ounce of faith to carry them through his crucifixion, etc. He was saying in effect, “No matter what happens from here on, keep your trust and confidence in God—and also trust in me.”

John 14:2 In my Father’s house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you.

Why did Jesus make this statement? For one thing, the dispute had recently occurred regarding who was greatest. Therefore, Jesus was assuring the eleven that he was making preparations and that there would be room for all of them. Also, this statement explains one reason for his long subsequent absence. Rather than being a sign of disinterest in them, his absence indicated his continued interest in them to prepare a place for when they would later follow him.

What is the thought of “many mansions”? In the good or favorable sense, there are various planes of existence, or strata of society, in the heavenly realm: angels, principalities, and powers. In fact, there are five planes of spiritual being, and in each plane, the Father has many mansions, houses, and dwelling places. However, at the time of Jesus’ crucifixion, a place had not yet been prepared for the Church in glory. Jesus was saying that he would personally superintend the preparing of that mansion.

We can actually think of this specially prepared residence as a house—a spiritual house. The Scriptures show that after the Kingdom Age, the Church will be in a place. During the Kingdom, the Church will be down here in earth’s atmosphere to reign over the earth, but afterwards they will go to their residence. And even during the reign, the Church (and Jesus) will not be fettered here, for they will go to the heavenly throne from time to time as ambassadors and for further instruction. The word “mansion” implies both a place of residence and a condition of being.

Comment: During Jesus’ ministry, the apostles left homes and families. For all practical purposes, they did not know where their next meal would come from or where they would sleep from night to night. The word “mansions” would have aroused their attention because it implied a permanent home.

Reply: Yes, and the superiority of the coming residence would make anything down here seem paltry and insignificant. Although conjectural, it seems that an entire universe will be assigned to each member of the Little Flock in the future. Each member will have various spheres of influence. Moreover, the implication is that, for expediency, each one will be assigned a place of residence in the respective universe. The additional abode is comparable to wealthy people now having more than one residence. Therefore, the word “mansions” would include not only a particular place where the Little Flock could meet with Jesus but also a private residence—or possibly even several.

In the absence of Jesus during the 2,000 years, guardian angels and sub-guardian angels have been watching out for the interests of the consecrated. Of course difficult problems are taken to Jesus or even the Heavenly Father. In the meantime, Jesus has been preparing this place along with gardens, brooks, trees, flowers, etc. The spirit realm is even more real than what we think is terra firma. Wouldn’t the God who created the scent of flowers on earth have a sense of smell? Wouldn’t He look on variety in the heavenly realm since He created variety down here?

If there are flowers in the physical realm, aren’t there flowers in the spiritual realm? It would be very strange indeed if the divine nature were merely a mental state and none of these spiritual counterparts were necessary. Jesus has a nice wedding gift for all who make their calling and election sure.

“If it were not so, I would have told you.” Why did Jesus say this? It takes time to understand John’s Gospel. The other three Gospels are historical, whereas John wrote on principles and deeper things. Here Jesus’ counsel, given exclusively to his apostles, requires consideration and analysis. Jesus was saying, “I would not have engendered these hopes in you and this love of being so closely associated with me if there were not a genuine reality of being with me in the future.” Earlier Jesus had said the apostles would sit with him on twelve thrones in the Kingdom—and other fragmented comments engendered the hope of being with him. Thus he gave prior promises regarding the faithful, and now he said he would not have engendered the hopes “if it were not so.” In other words, Jesus is thoroughly honest and open in what he says, and whether or not we appreciate his statements, some of them have great depth of meaning.

John 14:3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also.

This statement clearly tells us not only that Jesus would go away but that he would come back to get the faithful. “I am going away to prepare a place for you. Although there are many mansions in my Father’s house, I will create a new mansion for you. And when I come again, that house will be ready.” The preparation of the mansion precedes Jesus’ return.

Thus Jesus has a surprise in store for the 144,000. Instead of the usual custom for the woman to have a hope chest, the “man” (our Lord) is preparing one. To a certain extent, we can add to the hope chest by laying up for ourselves treasures in heaven where moth and rust do not corrupt. But Jesus has a wonderful surprise in reservation for the faithful.

Psalm 45:13,14 tells us, “The king’s daughter is all glorious within: her clothing is of wrought gold. She shall be brought unto the king in raiment of needlework.” The Bride is embroidering her garments and getting her bridal trousseau ready. She shall be brought to the King’s house in fine raiment of needlework, but her outer garments will then be of fine gold. The needlework represents personal development of character, but on top of this will be clothing of gold (the divine nature).

“I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also.” Jesus probably uttered this statement slowly and with great depth of feeling. It is interesting that only John recorded these words of the Master following the Memorial, and his Gospel was the last to be written.

John 14:4 And whither I go ye know, and the way ye know.

Jesus had told the disciples previously that he must go to the Father (John 7:33), but at this time, his words had not fully sunk in. They knew about a coming Kingdom and that they were to rule (Matt. 19:28), but they did not comprehend the spiritual aspect. By saying, “whither I go ye know, and the way ye know,” Jesus was shocking them into paying more attention to what he was saying. Sometimes a professor who is teaching a subject that is apt to produce drowsiness in his hearers will make a certain statement to wake them up. Different methods can be used.

For example, sometimes a misstatement is intentionally made to arouse alertness. Morally and ethically this technique is not wrong. Of course if the person making the misstatement died the next moment, then what he said would be a lie, but when the technique is used in the sense of teaching, it is not a lie. When Jesus said, “The way ye know,” they really did not know or understand what he meant. True, they were following him, but they did not know where he was going. Jesus uttered these words to make them respond—and Thomas did, asking the question that was in all of their minds (verse 5).

In other words, Jesus’ statement was a stimulus, and he often used a variation of this technique. In a parable, for example, Jesus would make a statement to shatter our sense of values. We expect the natural conclusion to be so-and-so, but he said, “No, it is the opposite!” Sometimes he explained why, and other times he did not. One such statement is Mark 10:31, “Many that are first shall be last; and the last first.” This is a different type of thinking.

John 14:5 Thomas saith unto him, Lord, we know not whither thou goest; and how can we know the way?

Thomas’s question proves the disciples did not understand much about Jesus’ going away. “If we do not know where you are going, how can we know the way?” In other words, one must know a destination before starting towards it.

Jesus’ response (verses 6 and 7) was what the disciples had been doing for 3 1/2 years—they had been following him. But as to where he was going, that was another matter. His technique of trying to wake them up makes us stop and think of the situation back there.

John 14:6 Jesus saith unto him, I am the way, the truth, and the life: no man cometh unto the Father, but by me.

John 14:7 If ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also: and from henceforth ye know him, and have seen him.

These verses are deep expressions of truth—far deeper than the apostles could understand at that time. While Jesus’ statement “I am the way, the truth, and the life” can be related to the Tabernacle (the gate, the First Veil, and the Second Veil, respectively), the meaning is even deeper.

I am the way.” In other words, “This is the way. Follow me.” Countless others down through history have claimed to be “the way.” Many divergent ways have been presented for finding and attaining life’s objective. Thinking people may say, “I will not be in this life too long. What shall I do to benefit self or fellow man?” They want to be gainfully employed with regard to their ideals, and many attractions exist. Thus Jesus’ words are very significant—that out of the multitude of those who profess similarly, he alone is the way.

I am … the truth.” When we first accept the truth, it is because we know it is true. When we consecrate, we know this is the truth. The hymn goes, “I love to tell the story because I know it’s true.” And truth begets hope. We do not want to follow a dream or something that just sounds good. Authenticity is the building block of hope and faith.

I am … the life.” Barring an abnormality, everyone wants life. The Apostle John appreciated everlasting life very much, and several places in his writings he emphasized the gift of life even to those who run the race for the high calling but are relegated to the Great Company. Everlasting life, even if not the divine nature, is a tremendous hope.

These three ingredients are so essential—to be directed to the right path, or way, and knowing that it is the truth and that it leads to life. The path to life is a narrow way, “and few there be that find it” (Matt. 7:14). Once the way is found, it must be entered.

Initially we are searching to find God (Acts 17:27). “Who are you, Lord? Where are you?” Our initial thoughts are not on the divine nature—that is a later and a higher hope. It is important to realize at the start that God has called each one of us personally. It is essential to know in the beginning that Jesus is the way, the truth, and the life.

Here again, in verse 7, Jesus ended his statement with something of a shocker: “If ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also: and from henceforth ye … have seen him.” In other words, “You have seen God! You have seen the Father!” As intended, Jesus’ words brought a response. Therefore, if we just absorb the truth without questions, without interest and enthusiasm, we are not the class Jesus is really looking for. By putting out a leading statement, he aroused and stimulated those with the right heart condition.

Trinitarians claim that verse 7 proves Jesus and the Father are the same being. How would we refute this? John 1:18 tells us, “No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.” And 1 John 4:12 says, “No man hath seen God at any time.” Notice that both of these Scriptures were written by the same apostle whose Gospel we are studying. The apostles saw and were with Jesus but did not literally see God. These verses do not contradict John 14:7, for here Jesus is referring to God’s character. We both know and see God through Jesus’ perfect character: his words and actions.

Along this same line, two additional Scriptures rebut the Trinity. 1 Timothy 6:16 refers to Jehovah: “Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see.” Again the Apostle John’s words are pertinent: “And the Father himself, which hath sent me, hath borne witness of me. Ye have neither heard his voice at any time, nor seen his shape” (John 5:37).

John 14:8 Philip saith unto him, Lord, show us the Father, and it sufficeth us.

Philip was the next apostle to respond. He was puzzled. Earlier Thomas was the spokesman for the group (verse 5). Now Philip expressed what the others were thinking. Verse 8 proves the eleven could not have comprehended the depth of what Jesus was saying until later, that is, not until after they received the Holy Spirit.

Just like the English word “show” (and “see”), the Greek word for “show” can be used either literally or figuratively. Context determines the usage. In 1 Corinthians 12:31, “show” is figurative: “But covet earnestly the best gifts: and yet show I unto you a more excellent way.” “Show” is also figurative here in John 14:8,9.

Philip certainly did not think Jesus’ remark in verse 7 meant that he and the Father were the same being, that he was the Father. That is why Philip replied, “Show us the Father.” Philip was looking for something more. Nevertheless, Jesus continued in the same vein in verse 9.

John 14:9 Jesus saith unto him, Have I been so long time with you, and yet hast thou not known me, Philip? he that hath seen me hath seen the Father; and how sayest thou then, Show us the Father?

“Have you known me so long, Philip, and yet you ask me this question?” (paraphrase). Philip certainly did not think that in beholding Jesus visually, he was looking at the Father, but he missed the other point; namely, if God were in the flesh, He would do exactly what Jesus was doing. He would talk like Jesus, do works like Jesus, and instruct like Jesus. Hence the Son was a character likeness of the Father. To get across the point that the very things he was doing would be what God would do if He appeared in the flesh, Jesus repeated here in verses 7 and 9 what he had said earlier in John 8:19, “If ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also.”

“If ye had known me, ye should have known my Father also: and from henceforth ye know him, and have seen him…. he that hath seen me hath seen the Father” (John 14:7). Of course, as Emperor of the universe, God could not leave His throne and come down here to satisfy Philip—or anyone else.

John 14:10 Believest thou not that I am in the Father, and the Father in me? the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works.

Trinitarians think the Godhead consists of three persons and yet one person. How would we rebut this thinking regarding Jesus’ two statements in verse 10: “I am in the Father, and the Father [is] in me” and “the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works”? We can use verse 20 of this same chapter: “I am in my Father, and ye in me, and I in you.” In other words, in whatever sense Jesus is in the Father, he was in the disciples too. The same apostle made both statements. The same dwelling of the Father that is in Jesus also takes place in the brotherhood, in the Church. This thought is repeated in John 17:21, “That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they [those who would become Jesus’ disciples all down the age] also may be one in us.” In fact, John 17:21 is the rebuttal for “I and my Father are one.” In other words, the same unity is to be in the Church. Therefore, any who think the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are a mysterious Trinity in one must include the Church in that Trinity too. Jesus prayed that as (or in the same way) he and the Father were one, his followers would be one with both of them. Jesus desired to please the Father and thus had the same purpose, but they were two separate beings, just as husband and wife are considered “one” but are separate individuals.

The Holy Spirit that enabled Jesus to speak the words the Father gave him also operates in his faithful followers. And in the past, God spoke by the mouth of the holy prophets (2 Pet. 1:21).

Hence they could speak “thus saith the LORD.” The Father’s instructions, which they voiced, were the indwelling of the Spirit—even if the words were mechanically uttered. God was “in” the messenger who so revealed His thoughts. And it is the same principle here with Jesus. He spoke and did the things God wanted.

The latter half of verse 10 (“the words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me, he doeth the works”) is similar to John 5:19. “Then answered Jesus and said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, The Son can do nothing of himself, but what he seeth the Father do: for what things soever he doeth, these also doeth the Son likewise.” By repeating this theme, Jesus was indicating, “Stop and think about what I am saying.” The Apostle John set the tone in John 1:18, “No man hath seen God at any time; the only begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him.” In other words, we would not visually or literally see God, but Jesus would “declare” him.

John 14:11 Believe me that I am in the Father, and the Father in me: or else believe me for the very works’ sake.

John 14:12 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me, the works that I do shall he do also; and greater works than these shall he do; because I go unto my Father.

Jesus was saying that the relationship he and the Heavenly Father had would also be shared by those who believe into Christ.

John 14:13 And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name, that will I do, that the Father may be glorified in the Son.

John 14:14 If ye shall ask any thing in my name, I will do it.

Other Scriptures must be considered in order to clarify and moderate these remarks. A prayer should always have the condition “Thy will be done” even if it is not expressed. And certainly we should not pray for material wealth.

James 4:3 reads, “Ye ask, and receive not, because ye ask amiss, that ye may consume it upon your lusts.” Of course we should not utter selfish material prayers. However, a circumstance might arise where we would ask for something material predicated upon “if it be thy will.” We might explain to the Lord in prayer why we are making such a request—that it is not for selfuse but for some other purpose. In such a case, the Lord might grant the petition. On the other hand, God will not refuse us if we ask to develop the fruits of the Spirit. The fruits are what He wants us to request.

1 John 5:14,15 reads, “And this is the confidence that we have in him, that, if we ask any thing according to his will, he heareth us: And if we know that he hear us, whatsoever we ask, we know that we have the petitions that we desired of him.” Again the Apostle John is speaking. What he recorded Jesus as saying in his Gospel he restated slightly differently in his epistle. The first epistle of John also states the requirement for having prayers answered: “that we keep his commandments” and do the things that are pleasing in God’s sight (1 John 5:3). Obedience and effort are required on our part in order to receive. The principle is the same with truth. We are to search for truth as for hid treasure, as for silver and gold.

To ask in a pleading or opportuning sense is pleasing to God. Just as a natural father would give bread to a child who pleaded for it, so the Heavenly Father is pleased to grant proper requests (Matt. 7:9).

Q: We pray to God through Jesus, and we usually think of a petition being answered by the Father. How would we harmonize Jesus’ statement here that “If ye shall ask … in my name, I will do it”?

A: Jesus appears to be the prime actor in verses 13 and 14, but the Father actually is. The answers to our prayers come through Jesus, who serves as our Advocate, but it is God who answers yes or no. We ask God through Jesus (or in his name). If God gives approval, He nods His head to Jesus. Then Jesus provides the answer. Jesus is more actively associated with the Church because the Father, as Emperor of the universe, has delegated certain prerogatives to the Son. The only reason we can seek the Father’s face is because we follow Jesus. When the high priest tended the candlestick, he was actually a representative of God.

Much must be read into the Apostle John’s remarks. The way he thinks and reasons can be more easily understood if his Gospel is considered as a whole and the context is studied. We cannot take isolated statements and build principles. To understand John, we must get the gist of his characteristic speaking manner. (That is true of Jesus too.) The repetition is necessary in order to get John’s point.

What is the distinction between Jesus’ being an Advocate and his being a Mediator? A mediator mediates between two opposing parties who are alienated—in this case, God and the individual. How is Jesus an Advocate? His merit is imputed so that the Christian can have a standing with God. (Incidentally, Evangelical churches pray to Jesus—they do not get the feeling of praying to the Father.) Stated another way, a mediator stands between; an advocate stands beside. An advocate is like a lawyer. A public advocate assists in getting petitions into the court system; he helps with grievances.

Certain Scriptures speak of Jesus as the Mediator of the New Covenant. Hence his role as Mediator relates to the Kingdom. (If Jesus were the Mediator now, we would have to be under the New Covenant now.) In the Kingdom, the world will deal with Jesus more personally even in their prayer life. It is God’s Kingdom, but He turns it over to Christ. Jesus will stand in between mankind and God, but at the end of the thousand years, when the obedient of mankind will have progressed to what Adam was before the Fall, Jesus will step out and turn the Kingdom over to the Father, there being no further need for a Mediator.

John 14:15 If ye love me, keep my commandments.

This thought is repeated in 1 John 5:3, the same apostle’s epistle. The repetition, plus other similarities, shows how poignant the evening’s experiences were to John—they scored his memory very deeply. Another example is the repeated phrase “little children.” Much of John’s Gospel is devoted to happenings on the night of the Memorial (Chapter 13 into Chapter 18). The other Gospels do not record Jesus’ sermonette.

John 14:16 And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever;

A comparison of verses 15 and 16 reveals a general lesson that has applied down through the Gospel Age, namely, that sincere repentance and an attempt to conform to Jesus’ instructions must precede consecration and the receiving of the Holy Spirit. The Tabernacle Court shows progression; i.e., prior to consecration, one is in the way of justification. When consecration does take place, the evidence that it has occurred is the begettal of the Holy Spirit, which is a bona fide seal that a contract has been made.

By stating that he would give the disciples “another Comforter,” Jesus was implying that he would leave them. Of course he said he would be with his followers all down the age, but they would lose the personal contact of speaking directly with him, which the disciples had enjoyed for the 3 1/2 years.

“I will pray the Father.” When did Jesus “pray the Father”? He did this in the Garden of Gethsemane. After he talked with the apostles, he had a long prayer with the Father concerning their welfare, and here he is saying that his intention was to pray for them—to pray that the Father would give them the Comforter. Certainly the glorified risen Christ, who is in heaven with the Father, no longer has to pray to Him in this sense. No, Jesus prayed in the Garden of Gethsemane. The beseeching took place down here. He was telling his followers that he would ask the Father to send them a Comforter. If properly obedient unto death and raised to be with the Heavenly Father, Jesus would see to it that, in his stead, the Holy Spirit of truth would guide the Church. “Comforter” is the Greek parakletos, meaning “helper, sustainer, assistance, encouragement, strengthening.”

John 14:17 Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.

Changing the pronouns “he” and “him” to “it” is more accurate. Although the Greek language has a neuter gender, it uses male and female for a lot of things that we apply a neuter to in English. For example: “The sun [he] is warm.” “The moon [she] is bright.”

The Holy Spirit is not a personality any more than the spirit of fear, the spirit of envy, etc. Volume 5 compares the numerous references of a holy Spirit versus an unholy or evil spirit. The comparison broadens our thinking to realize that the Holy Spirit is not a personality. Those who believe the Holy Spirit is a personality do not talk too much about the subject because there is a scarcity of information in the Scriptures. For the most part, it is hard to read into texts on the Holy Spirit that it is a personality. John 14:17 is an exception.

John 14:18 I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you.

John 14:19 Yet a little while, and the world seeth me no more; but ye see me: because I live, ye shall live also.

Jesus said the world would not see him but his disciples would. What is the thought? The general lesson is that only those who receive a spiritual resurrection will see Jesus, and they will see him as he is (1 John 3:2). But what was the thought back there at the time Jesus uttered the statement?

“Yet a little while, and the world seeth me no more.” It is true that from the time Jesus was crucified and buried, the world saw him no more. However, there is a dispensational aspect.

When Jesus was raised a spirit being, he appeared (that is, materialized) on and off for 40 days.

The disciples did see him, but he did not appear as they had known him previously. Thus Jesus was saying in verse 19, “I must absent myself for a little while, but I will be back. Before I truly leave you and the Holy Spirit comes, you will see me for a brief interlude.” When Jesus appeared in different forms during the 40 days, the disciples recognized him by the characteristic mannerisms and/or words he used. For that brief period of time, they heard his voice and could even touch him—something his followers have not been able to do down through the age.

God permitted Jesus to materialize during the 40 days, but these materializations were an exception to the rule. If we consider all the times Jesus appeared to the disciples during the 40 days, and if we could calculate the hours exactly, the total would probably be less than a third or a fourth of one day because he disappeared for long periods of time after only brief appearances. He appeared just often enough and long enough to convince the disciples of his resurrection. The longest conversation was on the way to Emmaus.

To a large extent, our faith in Jesus is based upon the testimony of the apostles. They saw and talked with him both before and after his resurrection. John says, “We know this one came from God. We saw him. We touched him. We conversed with him” (1 John 1:1). The Holy Spirit helps us to know that the things recorded about Jesus are true. Through the apostles’ eyes, we see Jesus.

John 14:20 At that day ye shall know that I am in my Father, and ye in me, and I in you.

“At that day [that is, at Pentecost and progressively until the spirit birth takes place] ye shall know that I am in my Father, and ye in me, and I in you.” If we consider this verse from the standpoint of Jesus talking to his apostles, they were overjoyed when they became convinced of his resurrection and realized that he had indeed risen from the dead. From that day forward, for the rest of their lives, they met all kinds of persecution, famine, homelessness, etc., in the security of that knowledge.

John 14:21 He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me: and he that loveth me shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and will manifest myself to him.

Certain words should be emphasized: “He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth me.”

John 14:22 Judas saith unto him, not Iscariot, Lord, how is it that thou wilt manifest thyself unto us, and not unto the world?

Notice that when the apostles Thomas, Philip, and Judas (not Iscariot) questioned Jesus in verses 5, 8, and 22, they preceded the question with “Lord.” That humility, that recognition, that decorum, characterized them and it was proper. We should have the same attitude of not being too familiar with either God or Jesus. Nevertheless, we have the full freedom of going to the throne of grace in joy, in sorrow, and in pain. Sometimes the disciples used “Master” instead of “Lord.” Even the world used some decorum in addressing Jesus as “Rabbi.”

Judas was referring to Jesus’ comment in verse 21: “He that hath my commandments, and keepeth them … loveth me: … he … shall be loved of my Father, and I will love him, and … manifest myself to him.” Judas misunderstood and was thinking of a visible manifestation.

John 14:23 Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him.

The peace of God dwelling in our hearts is evidence that the Father and the Son are abiding with us. In other words, having the peace of God is the practical effect of our dwelling in union with Jesus. It is through the Holy Spirit that God and Jesus abide with the Christian. We must read and meditate on—and thus understand—Jesus’ words in order to obey them. Then the words become more life-giving because they are indwelling in us through the Holy Spirit. Jesus was tying in his thoughts in verse 16 about the Holy Spirit abiding in the Christian. He was saying that the Father would send the Holy Spirit (the “Comforter”) to abide in those who keep his words. Here in verse 23, Jesus repeated that thought, and verse 26 again mentions the Comforter to be sent by the Father. Because the words were not penetrating the minds of the apostles at that time (they had not yet been begotten by the Holy Spirit), Jesus repeated them with slightly different phraseology. Following Pentecost the disciples understood Jesus’ words.

John 14:24 He that loveth me not keepeth not my sayings: and the word which ye hear is not mine, but the Father’s which sent me.

This verse refutes the Trinity. Jesus was sent of or from God, and hence cannot be God.

John 14:25 These things have I spoken unto you, being yet present with you.

John 14:26 But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring all things to your remembrance, whatsoever I have said unto you.

The Holy Spirit would truly be a Comforter, for Jesus’ words were not penetrating at this point. And of course the Holy Spirit has been a Comforter to all Christians down through the age.

In the early Church, the Lord’s words were more real than they are today. Not only during Jesus’ ministry of 3 1/2 years but afterwards when the apostles went out evangelizing, his presence was especially manifested to them. The power of the Holy Spirit was very marked. For one thing, no stenographer was recording Jesus’ words. Therefore, the spirit of remembrance of Jesus’ actual words and deeds throughout his ministry was necessary. The Holy Spirit operated mightily on Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John (Mark and Luke were the amanuenses of Peter and Paul, respectively). To remember what Jesus said and did for 3 ½ years means there must have actually been a sensation of remembrance.

Paraphrase of Jesus’ words: “I am present with you now and talking to you, but when I leave, the Father will send another Comforter to teach you and enable you to remember all that I have said.” The coming of the Holy Spirit would mean the opening of their minds—a wonderful experience!—and they would realize it. The apostles’ experience would be somewhat like Jesus’ own experience when he was immersed in Jordan. The Holy Spirit came on him without measure, flooding his mind with the remembrance of his previous existence.

John 14:27 Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the world giveth, give I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid.

How does the world “give peace”? (Jesus was saying, “My peace is different from the world’s peace.”) Worldly peace is transitory. The world translates peace as success in business, acclamation, honor of men, wealth, protection from certain harmful things, etc. But Jesus’ peace is peace of the heart and mind—an inward peace. His peace penetrates the soul. In Matthew 10:34, he said that he came not to bring peace but a sword. Thus exterior-wise, the Christian may have many discomforting experiences. This was especially true after Jesus departed and the apostles tried to witness to their fellow Israelites. They met a lot of opposition. Their initial experience with Jesus made them very bold and strong because while other Jewish Christians were being scattered, the apostles stayed in Jerusalem much longer (although not until the Dispersion in AD 70). With Peter, James, and others moving down from Galilee, there was a nucleus in Jerusalem.

“Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid.” What was the initial trouble and fear?

The apostles were troubled by Jesus’ imminent absence and separation from them. He was preparing them for events that were coming. Seeing him crucified and then actually leaving, being transported up into heaven, would all happen in about 50 days. Just a short time before, crowds had followed Jesus, and he was acclaimed when he entered the city, “Hosanna to the Son of David!” Then would come the exact opposite experience. The humiliation of the Cross would stigmatize his teachings and cause them to become like a stench in the nostrils of the nation. Jesus would be leaving at the time the apostles would feel they needed him most.

Knowing what would happen, Jesus said unto them, “Do not let these things frighten you. If you really understood matters in their proper light, you would realize it is in your best interest that I go away, because something else will happen for your good.” One thing was their discipline (persecution), as hard as that was to accept. But the long-range outcome of their faithfulness would work out better for them than if Jesus remained in their presence and coddled them.

This same principle of not fearing has applied throughout the Gospel Age, and it will apply right to the end of the age. However, the heel members will have mixed experiences—just as Jesus needed diverse experiences at the end of his earthly ministry.

“Let not your heart be troubled.” Jesus used the same words to introduce the chapter. He was saying to have confidence in him. His leaving was for their good, and something would replace his absence, namely, the Holy Spirit. The apostles did not understand Jesus’ words at the time, but the spirit of remembrance helped them subsequently. When Jesus departed, no literal man abode with the apostles. True, Jesus had been literally present, but no man took his place.

However, the Comforter was literally present as the Holy Spirit, not as a person they could talk to. The Holy Spirit was the miraculous power of calling things to remembrance and giving them the ability to understand and interpret. It will “teach you all things … [as well as call] all things to your remembrance” (verse 26).

John 14:28 Ye have heard how I said unto you, I go away, and come again unto you. If ye loved me, ye would rejoice, because I said, I go unto the Father: for my Father is greater than I.

This concept was hard for the disciples to grasp. They were naturally sorry to hear that Jesus was going away, and then he said, “If ye loved me, ye would rejoice.” The rejoicing was predicated on faith. We should take time to consider the clause: “If ye loved me.” To have the love of Christ meant to have complete confidence and faith in Jesus’ leadership—even though he was absent. He had schooled the disciples for his absence. First, he was in the boat with them during a storm, then he was on a mountain but came to them in another storm, and finally he went away to a higher “mountain,” that is, to heaven. All of this teaching was to help the disciples put their hands into the hand of God and trust in God and in Jesus.

Verse 1 says, “Ye believe in God,” but it should read, “Believe ye in God; believe also in me [because I go to the Father].” We must have confidence in the Heavenly Father, who is greater than Jesus, and then have confidence in Jesus. If so, then Jesus says, “I will not forget you. The Father will send you the Holy Spirit in my name.” In other words, we must pray for the Holy Spirit. We must pray to the Father in Jesus’ name and hunger for the truth in order to be the recipient of a larger indwelling of the Holy Spirit. The source of the Holy Spirit (the oil) is God.

We receive the Holy Spirit through Jesus, our High Priest. He supplies the oil as God’s minister. Notice how Jesus magnifies the Father. Instead of supporting the Trinity, John’s Gospel does the opposite. For Jesus to go to One who is greater than he, and for both to come and make their abode with the disciples, would be an additional comfort. Acceptance of this reasoning would come with maturity of development.

John 14:29 And now I have told you before it come to pass, that, when it is come to pass, ye might believe.

Even in Old Testament times, God used this principle. Noah was warned 120 years in advance of the coming Flood. Abraham was apprised of the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah before it occurred. Israel was warned of coming trouble regarding both 606 BC and AD 69-70.

And so, now, the feet members are given much information about the end of the age. It is up to us to use the information, to put on the armor. The slogan “Prophecy cannot be understood until it is fulfilled” is not true. We know in advance about the Kingdom, the resurrection of the dead, etc. The secret of the Lord is revealed to His disciples in whatever age (Deut. 29:29; Psa. 25:14; Amos 3:7).

Seeing Jesus’ crucifixion and the events leading to it was the lowest ebb of the disciples’ lives, but later, when the Holy Spirit helped them to remember that he had prophesied his death and many of his experiences, they were convinced that Jesus truly was the Messiah. Instead of having a weak faith and wondering whether he was the Messiah, they KNEW he was. Their faith had been strengthened. The purpose of telling in advance what will happen is to establish faith so that when the event does occur, one’s consecration will not be shipwrecked.

Real faith is not credulity but is based on the Word of God, and it requires a measure of understanding. One may have to go forward not knowing, but up to that point, the individual has an accumulation of experiences to draw on. Stated another way, one may have to take a step into the unknown, but it is strengthening to have been led up to that point.

John 14:30 Hereafter I will not talk much with you: for the prince of this world cometh, and hath nothing in me.

Jesus gave the reason he would not henceforth talk much with the apostles; namely, he would be interrupted by the “prince of this world.” The eleven had just had a blessed hour or two of complete quiet with Jesus after Judas, the betrayer, left. Jesus talked heart to heart with them. However, from the time of his apprehension in the Garden of Gethsemane until his death, he talked very little with them. He looked at Peter and committed his mother into John’s care.

Even after his resurrection, Jesus did not talk much with them compared to previously.

The “prince of this world” came when Judas initiated the betrayal with a kiss. In the tumult and confusion that ensued, the disciples fled. John and Peter followed at a distance, after which Peter denied Jesus three times.

Satan “hath nothing in me.” Once the betrayal took place, Satan was incorrigible and without any hope of retrieval. Satan had nothing in common with Jesus. Jesus had complete love and obedience for the Father. His speaking the words the Father gave him was absolutely contrary to what Satan did. Therefore, if in the future at the end of the age, there is a false manifestation of the coming of Jesus, it will be short-lived because the Adversary has no love for him. Satan could not masquerade in that posture for any length of time. It would simply be as an opening wedge to lead into other error or deception. Such deception is reflected in the Roman Catholic religion, which is the religion of Satan, as it were. The emphasis is on the pope, Mary, and the saints, not on Jesus. Personal salvation seems to be completely absent. The false doctrines are characteristic of the one behind the false system.

John 14:31 But that the world may know that I love the Father; and as the Father gave me commandment, even so I do. Arise, let us go hence.

Jesus was concluding his remarks at the Memorial table. Now he and the apostles would start for the Garden of Gethsemane. His subsequent experiences—his submission to them—would be recognized as a proof that he loved the Father. Jesus professed to be the Messiah, the sent One of God, yet he walked willingly to his death. Even the world admires Jesus’ fidelity to his views, the consistency of his behavior and doctrine. He was no coward.

Always in the back of Jesus’ mind, while he was talking to the eleven for an hour or two, the clock was ticking. He knew he had to get to Gethsemane in time for the betrayal, so he must end the lesson. The crucifixion process had to begin with the sentence exactly at 9 a.m. Thus Jesus was bringing the session to a close, although he still talked as he walked to Gethsemane. (The distance between the Upper Room and Gethsemane was about one-half mile, so the walk would take a little while, especially because of the hilly terrain.)

(1986–1987 Study)

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  1. The Messiah bore witness unto “The Only True G-D”…….

    And Truth IS, as Paul testified, “G-D was in The Messiah”, Paul did not testify that ‘g-d was the messiah’…….

    And Paul testified of “ONE G-D, Father of ALL”…….

    The Messiah testified of, “The Only True G-D” and The Messiah testified that He had a “G-D and Father”, HE WHO IS The ONE and Only True G-D, Father of ALL…….

    Paul testified, “And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world has been hid in G-D, WHO CREATED ALL things by The Messiah”…….(Eph3:9)

    And The Father(Creator) spoke “Let there be Light” and “there was Light”…….

    LIGHT begot Light…….

    The Messiah, “The Light which enlightens every man”, was “The Beginning of The Creation of The ONE and Only True G-D, Father(Creator) of ALL…….(Rev 3:14)

    There is Only ONE True G-D, Father(Creator) of ALL, and HE IS The G-D and Father(Creator) of The Messiah and His brethren…….

    John 17:3 “And this is Eternal Life, that they might know YOU The Only True G-D, and The Messiah, Whom YOU have sent”…….

    Mark 12:32-33 “And the scribe said unto The Messiah, Well, Master, You have said The Truth: for there is ONE G-D; and there is NONE OTHER but HE. And to love HIM with all your heart, and with all your understanding, and with all your soul, and with all your strength, and to love his neighbor as yourself, is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices”…….

    Rom 3:30 “Seeing it is ONE G-D, WHO shall justify the circumcision by faith, and uncircumcision through faith”…….

    1 Cor 8:6 “But to us there is but ONE G-D, The Father, of WHOM are all things, and we in HIM; and one Master, The Messiah, by Whom are all things, and we by Him”…….

    Rev 3:14 The Messiah was “The Beginning of The Creation of The ONE and Only True G-D, Father(Creator) of ALL”…….

    Eph 4:6 “ONE G-D, Father of ALL, WHO is above all, and through all, and in you all”…….

    John 4:24 “G-D is A SPIRIT: and they that worship HIM must worship HIM in Spirit and in Truth”…….

    Luke 24:39 The Messiah testified after He was “raised from among the dead”, “Behold My hands and My feet, that it is I Myself, handle Me and see, for A SPIRIT DOES NOT HAVE FLESH AND BONES, AS you see I HAVE”…….

    The ONE and Only True G-D, Father(Creator) of ALL can not die…….period…….

    The Messiah died and “The ONE and Only True G-D, Father(Creator) of ALL raised Him from among the dead”……. And The Messiah’s incorruptible body ascended into the clouds…….

    James 1:13 “Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of G-D, for G-D CAN NOT BE TEMPTED with evil, neither tempts HE any man”…….

    Heb 4:15 “For we do not have a High Priest(The Messiah) Who cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities, for He WAS in all points TEMPTED like we are, yet without sin”…….

    The ONE and Only True G-D, Father(Creator) of ALL, HE CAN NOT BE TEMPTED with sin AS THE MESSIAH WAS…….period…….

    1 Tim 2:5 “There is ONE G-D, and one mediator between G-D and men, the man-The Messiah”…….

    James 2:19 “You believe that there is ONE G-D, you do well, yet the devils also believe, and tremble”…….

    John 20:17 “The Messiah said unto her, Touch Me not; for I have not yet ascended to My Father: but go to My brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto My Father, and your Father; and to My G-D, and your G-D.”

    Mark 3:33-35 “The Messiah answered them, saying, “Who is My mother, or My brethren”? And He looked round about on them which sat about Him, and said, “Behold my mother and my brethren! For whoever shall do The Will of G-D, the same is My brother, and My sister, and mother””…….

    Rom 8:29 “Whom G-D did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of HIS Son, that The Messiah might be the firstborn among many brethren”…….

    Hope is you are one of the brethren of The Messiah…….

    The brethren of The Messiah know there is Only ONE True Living G-D, Father(Creator) of ALL…….

    And Truth is as The Messiah tesified, ” My(Our) Father is greater than I”…….(John14:28)

    And Truth is as Paul testifed, “The HEAD of The Messiah is The ONE and Only True G-D, Father(Creator) of ALL, and The Head of the man is The Messiah, and the head of the woman is the man”…….(1Cor11:3)

    Those who would pervert The Order of The ONE and Only True G-D, Father(Creator) of ALL will have to answer to HIM…….

    For The ONE and Only True Living G-D, Father(Creator) of ALL, “HE Created all things by The Messiah” and The Messiah was “The Beginning of The Creation of The ONE and Only True Living G-D, Father(Creator) of ALL…….

    Truth is “The Messiah is The Son of The ONE and Only True Living G-D, Father(Creator) of ALL”…….

    The Messiah testified that He had a “G-D and Father” and that His “G-D and Father” was also the “G-D and Father” of His Brethren…….

    And The ONE and Only True Living G-D, Father(Creator) of ALL, HE has no god, for HE IS G-D, and HE has no father, for HE IS Father(Creator) of ALL, and HE has no brethren, for HE IS Father(Creator) of ALL…….

    Hope is there would be those who experience The Miracle that is receiving “the love of The Truth” for they will “experience The Messiah and The Power(Our Father) that raised Him from among the dead”…….

    The Faith of those who have received “a love of The Truth” is grounded in Miracles, not mere colored marks(words) written on a dead tree(page) and bound in a book…….

    Thankfully The ONE and Only True G-D, Father of ALL, HE yet communes with HIS Children, HE yet reveals all things…….

    Father Help! and HE does…….

    Peace, in spite of the dis-ease(no-peace) that is of this world and it’s systems of religion, for “the WHOLE(not just a portion) world is under the control of the evil one” indeed and Truth…….

    Truth is never ending……. francis

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  2. […] Below is an excerpt from our verse by verse study on John Chapter 14 […]

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