Song of Solomon Chapter 7: The Bride and Bridegroom

Jan 13th, 2010 | By | Category: Song of Solomon, Verse by Verse --Studies led by Br. Frank Shallieu (Click on Book name)

Song of Solomon Chapter 7: The Bride and Bridegroom

Song 7:1 How beautiful are thy feet with shoes, O prince’s daughter! the joints of thy thighs are like jewels, the work of the hands of a cunning workman.

Jesus, the Bridegroom, is speaking in verses 1-9. The description will take place when the Bride is beyond the veil.

The term “O prince’s daughter” in the KJV creates a problem because neither the Little Flock nor the Great Company is in any sense the daughter of Jesus, and Jehovah is not called a “prince.” The RSV reads, “How graceful are your feet in sandals, O queenly maiden!” “Queenly maiden,” a term of royalty for the Bride class, is the better translation.

Comment: Psalm 45:13 calls the Church the “king’s daughter.” “The king’s daughter is all glorious within: her clothing is of wrought gold.”

Reply: Yes, that is a reference to Jehovah. There are two “kings” in Psalm 45. Verse 5 speaks of “King” Jehovah: “Thine arrows are sharp in the heart of the king’s enemies; whereby the people fall under thee.” (This verse will be fulfilled in the Kingdom Age.) Verse 11 speaks of “King” Jesus: “So shall the king greatly desire thy beauty: for he is thy Lord; and worship thou him.” And there are two “Gods.” Verses 6 and 7 read, “Thy throne, O God [a reference to Jesus], is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre. Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God [that is, Jehovah], hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.” Psalm 45 shows activity near the end of the present age when Jesus will take unto himself his great power and reign. The “children” over whom he will reign start with the Ancient Worthies, who have to be raised and perfected. “How beautiful are thy feet with shoes [thy footsteps in sandals].”

Comment: Beyond the veil, the Bride’s feet will be beautifully adorned with sandals as a result of her previous labors and faithful endurance of persecution.

Reply: The same principle is used in the character study of Jesus in glory in Revelation 1:15. The feet of the risen, resurrected Lord are described as glowing in a furnace. In other words, the description of Jesus in glory hearkens back to when he trod the earth in the furnace of affliction. Thus the Bride’s beautiful feet in glory are also based on the previous life. We view the Cross of Christ as the epitome of Jesus’ love for the Father, the Church, and those of mankind who will be obedient. While the Cross pictures death and suffering, we look back at the Cross as a finished picture of what Jesus has done. He proved his worthiness and his love for God in coming down here to die such an ignominious death. His death also proves his concern for the world of mankind and his acquiescence to God’s plan for other brethren to be associated with him in the Kingdom.

There is a future double application regarding the Bride’s beautiful shoes and feet. In glory, Jesus (1) looks back at what the Bride previously did and (2) now sees the appropriateness of her being clothed in a robe of gold and wearing beautiful shoes. This description of the Bride beyond the veil is fitting because of her prior faithfulness, love of righteousness, hatred of iniquity, etc.—because of her past footsteps.

Comment: In the Passover picture, the Israelites were to have shoes on their feet for the journey in the wilderness. In this picture, those temporary shoes have been exchanged for the glorified shoes of the completed, perfected Church.

Q: Are the beautiful feet related to Ephesians 6:15, where Christians are told to have their “feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace”?

A: That Scripture applies to the Church in the present life. The Church’s feet in glory are a reflection of the past, but now, beyond the veil, they have new (and different) shoes. It is like the robe of Christ’s righteousness in the present life. The white robe of justification is imputed righteousness. Beyond the veil, the saints will also have white robes, but these will be robes of actual righteousness.

“The joints of thy thighs are like jewels.” Jewels are used for the movement of a watch to perpetuate its life, for jewels do not deteriorate like brass. Here the thighs indicate movement, or action, and the jewels suggest permanency based upon prior character development.

Henceforth the Bride class can be depended upon to pursue in perfection throughout eternity the same behavior that they manifested in imperfect flesh in the present life.

Comment: A thought presented in the 1976 study, which combines the remainder of verse 1 (“the work of the hands of a cunning workman”), is that the Church walks like a queen. Her grace is the product of God’s workmanship, not something she had naturally. When God’s work is perfected in the Church, the results will be to His praise, honor, and glory.

Comment: The reflection of light from the movement of the jewels will be beautiful to behold. In the present life, the spark of intense love and zeal for the cause of God, which is common to all who will be Little Flock, is in an imperfect vessel. When the individual receives a perfect vessel, the beauty will be more manifest to other beings. Now Jesus must use X-ray eyes to see the true heart condition of his brethren still in the flesh. At present, the Father and the Son can see that which truly motivates those walking in the narrow way, but in glory, the motivations will be outwardly manifest. It will be apparent to all why an individual was honored with the divine nature.

When Queen Vashti was removed from the king’s favor, a beauty contest was held. The candidates (prospective queens) were prepared and educated for months to see if they had the  necessary qualities to be the wife and queen of the king. Hegai, picturing the Holy Spirit, took a special interest in tutoring and developing Esther. The result was that queenly qualities werebrought out in Esther, but the development took a little time. The parallel is the Church in the flesh—time is needed for development. The Holy Spirit of God—God’s intuitive knowledge— can note and prophesy accurately who will make the grade and who will not.

“The work of the hands of a cunning workman.” The Bride is the product not of human flesh but of the Holy Spirit working within each of the 144,000.

This description is given just before the marriage. Other activities must take place first when the feet members go beyond the veil. For example, each saint will hear Jesus say “Well done, thou good and faithful servant,” meet the other saints, and be acquainted with the duties of office (Matt. 25:21). In other words, even though the Bride class will be fit for the office, they must undergo an “orientation” process and be acquainted with the “rules and regulations.”

Song 7:2 Thy navel is like a round goblet, which wanteth not liquor: thy belly is like an heap of wheat set about with lilies.

The order of the description in verses 1-9 is feet, thighs, belly (or abdomen), breasts, neck, eyes, nose, head. Verse 2 describes two features of the abdomen: the navel (umbilical cord) and the belly. Why is the Bride’s navel likened to a “round goblet,” which lacketh not liquor, or mixed wine?

Comment: This verse refers to her potential for childbearing and productivity, to the potential development that comes through her as the Second Eve.

Reply: Yes. The umbilical cord pertains to the birth and development of each of the Bride class.

A good mother can give good instruction to her children. The Bride’s maturity, or rounded development, resembles a goblet filled with mixed wine. “Mixed wine” in the good sense is blended wine, indicating the Bride’s virtuous qualities. The second half of this verse ties in with the navel being like a goblet of mixed wine. A goblet of mixed wine would be extended to others. The queenly maiden is to be the mother of a regenerated race. She will be involved with Jesus in bringing forth people from the tomb, and her potential is very favorable for nurturing the growth and development of the human race.

“Thy belly is like an heap of wheat set about with lilies.” The suggestion is that this queenly maiden has great potential for giving birth. When in a family way, she will call or bring forth children out of the tomb and regenerate the human race. A “heap of wheat” signifies abundant fruitfulness and the capability to sustain as food. Elsewhere in Scripture, a sheaf of wheat pictures the same thing.

“Set about with lilies.” Today with the fallen human race, some of the lovely things in nature immediately take on an evil connotation when they should not. God produced the organs for creating life. From His standpoint, the procreative process was well thought out. Perfect, pure minds would regard this process as very wonderful, but under present conditions, everything is befouled, besmirched, and depraved. The production of life should be considered in the beautiful sense as being “set about with lilies,” as being pure and ethereal. The end product, a little child, is looked upon as darling and delightful regardless of race; it evokes clean, beautiful, sweet thoughts. The entire process is appreciated when properly viewed.

The thought in verse 2 is that the Bride class has the capability of tutoring the world of mankind in the next age. This is a beautiful picture set about with “lily” (delicate, pure, and holy) thoughts. Jesus had to be made “perfect”; he had to suffer in order to become qualified for the office of King in the next age. “For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their salvation perfect through sufferings” (Heb. 2:10). It was necessary for Jesus to receive this additional education, which had nothing to do with his character. He had a perfect character and maturity of thought prior to his suffering, but he needed the sufferings in order to be perfected for the office. And so the Bride, the queenly maiden, is shown beyond the veil as having been made perfect through prior sufferings and activities down here. Now she is fit for office in her new duties of the Kingdom.

Song 7:3 Thy two breasts are like two young roes that are twins.

The description of the Bride beyond the veil continues. Her two breasts represent the Old and New Testaments. Maturity of development is shown, with an equal balance of study and appreciation for both the Old and New Testaments.

The “young roes [fawns, gazelles]” indicate sensitivity. The Bride has so fully absorbed the principles of Scripture that she is very alert to and aware of the things that should be noticed.

Song 7:4 Thy neck is as a tower of ivory; thine eyes like the fishpools in Heshbon, by the gate of Bath-rabbim: thy nose is as the tower of Lebanon which looketh toward Damascus.

Verse 4 describes three features: the neck, the eyes, and the nose. “Thy neck is as a tower of ivory.” From the standpoint of the human physique, this description calls attention to the Bride’s grace, nobility, and regal bearing. One who possesses natural nobility has a regal stature, but once nobility is manufactured, it becomes pride and stubbornness (a stiff neck).

Q: In parts of Egypt, white rings were placed around the woman’s neck. Is Solomon alluding to these?

A: Yes. The rings raised the chin and kept the head up so that this position became natural.

Comment: “Queenly maiden” is the better translation for verse 1. In harmony with the thought of a queen, the Bride walks gracefully, the carriage of her neck shows nobility, and her nose indicates regal bearing.

Reply: Yes. Ivory is usually white, a symbol of natural purity. The Bride’s regal bearing is not legislated but is the product of right thought and conduct.

“Thine eyes like the fishpools in Heshbon, by the gate of Bath-rabbim.” Heshbon, a beautiful elevated city in Transjordan, is mentioned in connection with the journey of the Israelites and their entering the land of Canaan (Deut. 2:30). The name of the gate, Bath-rabbim, is appropriately in the feminine. How are the Bride’s eyes like fishpools? Her eyes look like the two pools near the gate of Bath-rabbim. The water is interesting to look at, for it takes on different aspects. Hence the Bride is a class with depth; they are thinkers, analyzers, meditators.

Comment: Fish pools would be very reflective, and the Bride’s eyes reflect her Lord and her love for him.

“Fishpools” (plural) would mean two fishpools, one for each eye. If eyes are described as vacuous, the person is empty-headed. The Bride’s eyes indicate the opposite: variety, depth.

Heshbon means “intelligence, stronghold.” Bath-rabbim is defined as “daughter of many.”

“Thy nose is as the tower of Lebanon which looketh toward Damascus.” Lebanon means “white.” Nobility is the thought with the nose. The curvature of the nostrils used to be associated with good birth; the shape of the nose shows refinement. The consecrated down here may be anything but noble in appearance, but those who make their calling and election sure will get a glorious body. It is not a person’s fault if he or she is lame, hunchbacked, etc., in the present life. From Jesus’ standpoint, each of the 144,000 will be a beauty queen, as it were.

We should keep in mind that this is a description of the finished Bride class beyond the veil. She has true nobility, not assumed nobility.

Comment: Her refined sense of smell is attuned to spiritual things.

Reply: The nose is used for decision making, for discernment. The olfactory nerves are important for detecting danger.

Song 7:5 Thine head upon thee is like Carmel, and the hair of thine head like purple; the king is held in the galleries.

“Thine head upon thee is like [Mount] Carmel.” The eastern side of Mount Carmel is beautiful pasture. “Carmel” signifies “fruitful field.”

Comment: Verse 5 carries on the thought of queenly nobility and regality.

The unusual descriptions of the Bride in verses 4 and 5 show this picture is not sensual and unclean in the normal sense. The natural anatomy is thus purposely avoided for portions of the description.

“The hair of thine head [is] like purple.” Of course purple is the color of royalty. The NIV has “Her hair is like royal tapestry.”

“The king is held [captive, bound] in the galleries [or in her tresses].” “Tresses” are long locks of hair. The implication is that the Bride’s hair is long and flowing. In other words, Jesus will take joy in fellowshipping and conversing with his saints in glory. Even down here, profound wisdom sometimes comes out of the mouth of babes. In glory, all the beautiful characteristics of the Bride class will no longer be inhibited. Evil thoughts will not be able to intrude into the mind. Jesus is swooning over the Bride’s beauty and charm. He is captivated. He realizes she is the daughter of Jehovah, the product of God’s workmanship.

Q: Jesus has been speaking, but would the end of verse 5 (“The king is held in the galleries”) be an impersonal comment by the Holy Spirit, for the observation is made about King Jesus?

A: Yes, it is an outside perspective or interjection from either the Holy Spirit or the Father, and so is the next verse.

Song 7:6 How fair and how pleasant art thou, O love, for delights!

“Love,” a noun, is a quality here, not a personality. Verse 6 is a summation of the Bride’s beautiful characteristics and physiognomy; that is, she is altogether lovely, altogether fair.

Song 7:7 This thy stature is like to a palm tree, and thy breasts to clusters of grapes.

Jesus, the Bridegroom, is talking about his Bride. Why is she likened to a palm tree?

Comment: As one views a palm tree, the eyes are drawn upward to the palm fronds and the fruitage at the top. The fruit grows heavenward.

Reply: Fruit at the high level suggests spiritual fruitage, or development.

Comment: The palm tree is stately.

Reply: Yes, a perfect palm tree is beautiful.

Comment: Ezekiel’s Temple will have palm trees.

Reply: Yes, and they will be prolifically used.

Comment: Palm trees tend to grow in tropical climates, which are subject to hurricanes. Their ability to withstand turbulence and storms fits the Church.

Reply: Yes, they have a resiliency—almost like a bow that bends to shoot an arrow and then wants to straighten up again.

Comment: Palms can picture victory, as when palms were strewn in Jesus’ path at his Triumphal Entry.

Comment: Bro. Frey’s notes say that the palm tree grows in the desert where there is water.

Also, it “is an endogen, i.e., it is unlike many other trees where the life is in the cambium layer, directly beneath the outer bark; the palm tree, on the other hand, grows from deep within.” In other words, the life of the palm tree is not a surface life but a life deep within the tree. And the palm tree has foliage year-round.

Reply: The main point is about water. The palm tree manages to get what water exists in a desert. Two or three palm trees can indicate an oasis.

“Thy breasts [are like] to clusters of grapes.” “Of grapes” is incorrectly supplied. With the palm tree, the thought would be “clusters of dates.” Dates are a sweet delicacy.

Comment: Rebekah, picturing the Church, will be the mother of thousands of millions. Her breasts being like clusters of dates indicates she will nurture these “children.”

Reply: Yes, that thought is brought out as we get into the picture. The Church will possess qualities that benefit and nurture the world of mankind in righteousness.

Song 7:8 I said, I will go up to the palm tree, I will take hold of the boughs thereof: now also thy breasts shall be as clusters of the vine, and the smell of thy nose like apples;

Jesus continues to speak. “I will ascend the palm tree” is the best way to express the thought (it is more refined than “I will climb up,” as in some other translations). Jesus will ascend to the fruitage at the top of the palm tree.

“I will take hold of the boughs thereof.”

Comment: Jesus desires to sample the fruit. The fruit of the Bride class is the attraction.

“Thy breasts shall be as clusters of the vine.” Here the Bride’s breasts are compared to clusters of grapes, suggesting that the breasts supply nutriment to the babe who desires development in truth from the Old and New Testaments. The development takes place in the present life as preparation for the next life. Stated another way, we are practicing physicians now, hoping to become qualified for a full-fledged role in the future. If properly developed, we will be able to help others in their development.

“And the smell of thy nose like apples.” The RSV is better: “and the scent of your breath like apples.” In the Old Testament, “nose,” “face,” and “mouth” are somewhat interchangeable terms depending on context. The scent of the Bride’s breath is like oranges (the word “apples” is not the right thought). Oranges have a sweet, delightful flavor and smell.

Q: Does this part of verse 8 tie in with Song 2:3, where the prospective Church described Jesus as the apple tree among the trees of the wood? She sat down under his shadow, and his fruit was sweet to her taste. In other words, she partook of his fruits, which were the fruits of the Holy Spirit. Now the smell of the fruit that she tasted is on her breath.

A: Yes, her character development is pleasing to the Lord. As Christians obey God’s Word and the instructions and doctrines of Christ and his apostles, they proportionately become pleasing to the Lord. In feeding on the Master’s fruitage, the Bride class develops the fragrance of that fruitage so that a sweet fragrance comes forth from her mouth.

Song 7:9 And the roof of thy mouth like the best wine for my beloved, that goeth down sweetly, causing the lips of those that are asleep to speak.

The roof of the mouth is the palate, which is used for taste. For Jesus to describe his Bride in this fashion is a real compliment. Kissing is subtly referred to, implying a lingering communication, closeness, and sweet fellowship.

Comment: The RSV reads, “And your kisses like the best wine that goes down smoothly, gliding over lips and teeth.” A footnote has “lips of sleepers” for “lips and teeth.”

Poor wine has sediment and impurities and is sour. Good wine just flows down and is delicious without coating the teeth. Jesus is saying to the Bride, “Your kisses are like the best wine.”

Kisses are expressions of endearment. Jesus will drink the wine of joy with his Bride, and there will be personal communication, face to face. When the Church class speaks, those with the proper spirit listen. Jesus listens. The Bride will relax with Jesus beyond the veil, whereas now she is constantly on guard to say and do what is right.

Q: Could the reference to sleepers be that when the Church class speaks, those who are sleeping wake up, being enthralled by the words flowing forth?

A: That is a good thought. When the Bride speaks, others take note, especially the Master.

God looks down on planet Earth and sees us as fallen human beings who have left the world and dedicated our lives to serve His cause as best we can. He sees our continuing desire to please Him as we keep pressing onward in spite of stumblings and problems. He is interested in our development, and He is pleased as we progress toward the standards He has set up. In contrast, the world lives riotously, seeking pleasure, being miserly, and having demeaning character traits. God knows the limits of our capabilities; He knows we cannot perform perfectly in the present life because of our fallen flesh. To will perfectly is possible, however.

God, with His Holy Spirit, knows what part of our words and actions is genetically attributable to Adamic weakness and what part is willful. He knows how to separate the old man from the new creature. Any progress toward the new creature is outstanding because it is done through the Bible, through reading a book. Thus are manifested the power of God’s Word and the free choice of the individual in making decisions and doing deeds.

Comment: Before the feet members are taken off the scene, they will give a special message that will cause those who are asleep in all strata of society to wake up.

Song 7:10 I am my beloved’s, and his desire is toward me.

The Bride is speaking in verses 10-13. “Beloved” is the clue; she calls Jesus “beloved.” Jesus has just finished a description of the Bride. Based on that description, the Bride can say, “I am my beloved’s, and his desire is toward me.”

Song 7:11 Come, my beloved, let us go forth into the field; let us lodge in the villages.

The Bride is suggesting to Jesus, “Let us leave the courts of heaven and go forth to inspect what is happening down on planet Earth with the Great Company. Let us go down to the field [to earth] and lodge [stay temporarily] in the villages.” “Villages” (plural) means they would inspect different places, for the Great Company will be scattered.

This activity will take place after the marriage. During the marriage and the accompanying festivity, the custody of earth will be put into the hands of rotating shifts of the holy angels lest things down here get too out of hand through Satan. The remaining consecrated and the Holy Remnant will need protection. When not on duty in earth’s atmosphere, the holy angels will be attending the marriage activities. However, after the marriage ceremony is over, The Christ will get down to business, their first concern being the Great Company, their “little sister” who did not make the high calling.

Q: How could the Church tell Jesus to come with her? Wouldn’t it be more appropriate for Jesus to make the suggestion to the Church?

A: No. Not only is “beloved” masculine in the Hebrew, but because they are married at this time, the Queen can make the suggestion to her King.

Comment: The suggestion would also show the Bride’s willingness to continue with the Father’s plan. “Now let us get back to work” would be the thought.

Q: Song 6:11 describes an inspection of the garden of nuts. Do verses 10-12 refer to a second inspection period?

A: Yes.

Song 7:12 Let us get up early to the vineyards; let us see if the vine flourish, whether the tender grape appear, and the pomegranates bud forth: there will I give thee my loves.

The Bride continues to speak. “Vineyards” (plural) are the Great Company, the Holy Remnant, and the world of mankind. There are different vines and different fruitages, each in its own order. All of the vines will need development without tampering with their free moral agency.

1. The first concern will be the Great Company. Under the circumstances of this time frame, they will develop proper fruitage. Not only will they repent and wash their robes in the blood of the Lamb during the Time of Trouble, but after the initial period of surprise, disappointment, and remorse, their mood will be one of joy. Even though they lose out on the high calling, they will later become enthused in serving the Lord. Thus the “tender grape” will appear and develop into fruitage meriting the spirit nature.

2. The development of the Holy Remnant will also be a concern because they will be handpicked for survival, their names being written in a book (Dan. 12:1; Isa. 4:3).

3. The world of mankind will be developed after the Kingdom is inaugurated and throughout the remainder of the Millennial Age.

Q: Will the marriage supper take place before or after the Holy Remnant is brought through Jacob’s Trouble?

A: There are two aspects of Jacob’s Trouble. At first, Jacob’s enemies will be the forces of Gog coming down from the north, for the Adversary wants to eliminate Israel. Miraculous divine intervention will be necessary to stop the hordes. At that time also, the fallen angels will be released from their chains of darkness, the first object of their vengeance being the Great Company. The unrepentant fallen angels will be permitted to accomplish their dispatch, for the destruction of the flesh of the Great Company will result in their spirit being saved. The next object of vengeance of the fallen angels will be natural Israel. In the time period before the Lord intervenes, Gog will actually capture Jerusalem, ravish the women, etc. Thus a mixture of humans and demons will be involved in the future trouble on Israel. Regarding the fallen angels who materialize when their chains of darkness are removed, their destruction will occur before the Kingdom begins. The fallen angels who do not materialize when the prison doors are opened will be reserved for further trial and judgment.

The mass materialization of fallen angels is described as the enemy coming in like a “flood” (Isa. 59:19). Guardian angels will protect each of the Holy Remnant to make sure that the “third part” will go through the fire and be saved (Zech. 13:8,9).

The coming down of Jesus and the Bride to observe the development of the Great Company (Song 7:11,12) will occur before the loosing of the fallen angels en masse against the Great Company and the Holy Remnant. They will lodge in the villages to observe how the fruitage is developing and the pomegranates are budding with the Great Company. “Pomegranates,” with multitudinous seeds, picture the fruits of the Holy Spirit. Jesus and the Bride will look to see if the Great Company has attained the mark of perfect love. However, no actions will be taken—just observation at this time. The Christ will be intensely interested to see the progress because of the high stakes. The success or failure of the Kingdom hinges on the outcome and the blood being released for the Ancient Worthies and the world of mankind.

The original question was whether the marriage supper will occur before the Holy Remnant is saved. That is a fine point of distinction. We know, based on Zechariah 14:2, that a period of time—perhaps weeks—is involved with Israel before the rescue of the Holy Remnant. With the Great Company, however, the destruction of their flesh will take place at a specific time: in a day and an hour. Technically, there will be time for the marriage supper before the rescue of the Holy Remnant, but whether or not that is the case remains to be seen. The Church will be on the scene and active for the deliverance of the Holy Remnant and the resurrection of the Ancient Worthies. “Saviours [plural] shall come up on mount Zion to judge the mount of Esau; and the kingdom shall be the LORD’S” (Obadiah 21). Since the Holy Remnant are to be handpicked by name, they will have to be under guard through the entire period of time.

During the marriage supper as well as previously—that is, during the marriage itself—a custodian relationship down here will safeguard those whom God has determined shall be preserved. Since the Great Company have to die, their type of safeguard will be of a different nature; it will be a time feature. With Israel, the holy angels will be sufficiently employed as guards so that the marriage supper can take place without undue concern for the Holy Remnant. Perhaps a change of guard will take place to enable those holy angels who stand guard duty, and thus cannot attend the marriage, to be relieved of their posts by other holy angels so that they can attend the marriage supper.

It is possible that when the materialized unholy angels dispatch the Great Company, they themselves will be destroyed, leaving just earthly Gog and Magog to continue havoc against Israel. If the unholy angels who materialize are not destroyed beforehand, it is hard to see how the marriage supper can take place with such a tremendous force loosed.

Comment: Proof that verses 11 and 12 are a second inspection period of the Great Company is the similarity of language to Song 6:11. Both texts mention the flourishing vine and budding pomegranates. Also, there seems to be a contrast between singular and plural in verse 12. Jesus and the Bride go down to the vineyards (plural) to particularly inspect the vine (singular). Of the several vineyards, they will concentrate at this time on the one Great Company vine(yard). “There will I give thee my loves.” Jesus interjects this comment at the end of verse 12.

Song 7:13 The mandrakes give a smell, and at our gates are all manner of pleasant fruits, new and old, which I have laid up for thee, O my beloved.

The Bride speaks to Jesus, verse 13 being the last of the sequel that starts with verse 10.

“Mandrakes” pertain to regeneration. In the Old Testament, Leah and Rachel used them for fertility.

The Bride has laid up “all manner of pleasant fruits [of the Holy Spirit], new and old.” This verse expresses the spirit and attitude of the Bride class. The questions to ask are: “Is this my spirit? Have I come up to this level of thinking? Have I laid up all manner of pleasant fruits for Jesus?” If we are not thinking along this line but instead are thinking, “Oh how nice it will be in the resurrection to see my mother, Pastor Russell, etc.,” this is demeaning. Those who would be of the Little Flock must cultivate the proper attitude in their heart. They must desire to shower Jesus, when they see him, with that which they have been laying up in store and sacrificing for—namely, with their affection. If we do not have this desire, we will not be of the Little Flock. The goal to strive toward is the mark of perfect love, as well as the desire to see Jesus. Those who truly expect to see him will purify themselves. The intense desire to see Jesus will influence the present life.

“Old” fruits are the fruits of the Holy Spirit we are told to develop. “And beside this, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue; and to virtue knowledge; And to knowledge temperance; and to temperance patience; and to patience godliness; And to godliness brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness charity” (2 Pet. 1:57). These fruits are the standard.

“New” fruits are something of our own that is laid up, something pertaining to or peculiar to our own individual temperaments and personalities. Each of the 144,000 will have a certain type of affection to tell the Master—an expression of individual appreciation.

(1988 and 1994 Studies)

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