2 Kings Chapter 9: Jehu Anointed, Death of JezebelFeb 23rd, 2010 | By admin | Category: 1 & 2 Kings, Verse by Verse --Studies led by Br. Frank Shallieu (Click on Book name)
2 Kings Chapter 9: Jehu Anointed, Death of Jezebel
2 Kings 9:1 And Elisha the prophet called one of the children of the prophets, and said unto him, Gird up thy loins, and take this box of oil in thine hand, and go to Ramoth-gilead:
2 Kings 9:2 And when thou comest thither, look out there Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi, and go in, and make him arise up from among his brethren, and carry him to an inner chamber;
2 Kings 9:3 Then take the box of oil, and pour it on his head, and say, Thus saith the LORD, I have anointed thee king over Israel. Then open the door, and flee, and tarry not.
2 Kings 9:4 So the young man, even the young man the prophet, went to Ramoth-gilead.
The anointing of Jehu to be king over Israel was about to take place. Accordingly, Elisha instructed one of the sons of the prophets how to do the anointing. Afterwards the prophet was to flee, but why would fleeing be to his advantage? Because Jehu would not want news of the anointing to leak out prematurely, he might kill the prophet to silence him. In short, the prophet fled for his own safety.
Comment: Similarly, the advice to the world for the Time of Trouble is to stay out of the way of the Lord’s chariot and not get involved in the trouble.
Q: Was Jehu literally carried into an inner chamber?
A: No, the thought is, “Conduct him to an inner chamber.” The Old English of the King James has to be adjusted to today’s vocabulary. Another example is, “Quit you like men” (1 Cor. 16:13); that is, “Be like a man.”
Q: Was this individual very young since he was called “one of the children of the prophets”?
A: No, the term is similar to “the children of Israel,” meaning Israelites of all ages. Thus the word “children” was used in a broad sense.
Q: Then why was this individual called a “young man” twice? “So the young man, even the young man the prophet, went to Ramoth-gilead.”
A: He would not have been a teenager or younger, but he was young enough to be fleet of foot so that he could run the necessary distance to deliver the message in Ramoth-gilead and then flee quickly. The age of the prophet is probably significant in the antitype.
2 Kings 9:5 And when he came, behold, the captains of the host were sitting; and he said, I have an errand to thee, O captain. And Jehu said, Unto which of all us? And he said, To thee, O captain.
2 Kings 9:6 And he arose, and went into the house; and he poured the oil on his head, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I have anointed thee king over the people of the LORD, even over Israel.
2 Kings 9:7 And thou shalt smite the house of Ahab thy master, that I may avenge the blood of my servants the prophets, and the blood of all the servants of the LORD, at the hand of Jezebel.
2 Kings 9:8 For the whole house of Ahab shall perish: and I will cut off from Ahab him that pisseth against the wall, and him that is shut up and left in Israel:
2 Kings 9:9 And I will make the house of Ahab like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and like the house of Baasha the son of Ahijah:
2 Kings 9:10 And the dogs shall eat Jezebel in the portion of Jezreel, and there shall be none to bury her. And he opened the door, and fled.
We can picture this anointing happening in Ramoth-gilead. A group of captains were assembled in a room when the prophet arrived. (These were not just ordinary soldiers but “captains of the host.”) When the prophet said, “I have a message for you, O captain,” the natural question was, “Which captain? Whom do you wish to address?” The prophet either pointed to Jehu or looked him in the eye and then directed him to an inner room for privacy.
Of course all the captains, including Jehu, were curious about this secret message, thinking it must be quite important. Jehu was anointed and told that God wanted him to be the king of Israel instead of Jehoram, who was wounded and back in Jezreel in Samaria. The message continued: God had appointed Jehu to smite the house of Ahab to avenge the blood of all the true prophets and to slay Jezebel. Moreover, dogs would eat Jezebel in Jezreel and she would not be buried. Jehu would have been stunned to hear this message. The prophet then opened the door, exited, and fled in haste back to Elisha.
2 Kings 9:11 Then Jehu came forth to the servants of his lord: and one said unto him, Is all well? wherefore came this mad fellow to thee? And he said unto them, Ye know the man, and his communication.
2 Kings 9:12 And they said, It is false; tell us now. And he said, Thus and thus spake he to me, saying, Thus saith the LORD, I have anointed thee king over Israel.
2 Kings 9:13 Then they hasted, and took every man his garment, and put it under him on the top of the stairs, and blew with trumpets, saying, Jehu is king.
When Jehu returned to the room with the other captains, one of them asked, “Why did that mad fellow come to you? What did he say?” The way the prophet had burst onto the scene and said he had a message for Jehu, taken him into an inner room, and then run out was exciting.
The other captains assumed the message was false until they heard it. Jehu announced, “The prophet poured oil on my head and said God wants me to be king over Israel.” Immediately the captains acknowledged Jehu as king. No doubt they knew about Jehoram’s wound, and they had been more or less left without leadership.
The time factor is interesting, for Elijah was off the scene. Elisha, the prophet in his stead, pictures the Great Company here. When the mantle fell from Elijah to Elisha, it was rent in twain. Thenceforth, based on his activities, Elisha was a double type. In some instances, he represents the Ancient Worthies, particularly in healing and restoration works. In other pictures, he represents the Great Company, who will be active after the translation of Elijah.
It is significant that Elisha gave the instruction to one of the sons of the prophet, telling him that the message was of the Lord and that he should inform Jehu about his future. The identities of both Elijah and Elisha are sure, but the identity of the sons of the prophets is more nebulous. One suggestion is that they are familiar with the truth but are not necessarily consecrated with the hope of a spiritual change, yet they will become active later on, that is, at this stage of prophetic fulfillment. Another suggestion is that they will be Jews, as indicated in the Song of Solomon and elsewhere. A third possibility is that they are not consecrated but are related to the Truth movement in a fraternal or paternal way.
Just who will do this anointing is not clear at the present time. The emphasis is simply on a “young man.” Of course the high calling will have ended, but somehow this class, who remain to be identified, will get Jehu interested in certain truths. Jehu will then act as a terror, causing repeated bloodbaths and killing. Through Jehu in the type, the Lord did a cleansing work, sweeping away the influence the ten-tribe kingdom had under Ahab, Jezebel, etc.
Q: How will the anointing with oil be carried out in the antitype?
A: The oil represents the Holy Spirit, but in this case, it will be a calling to destroy. For instance, Cyrus, a heathen king, was called the Lord’s “anointed” (Isa. 45:1). Cyrus did not worship the God of Israel, but God had designed that he would do a judgment work. The same was true of Nebuchadnezzar, although the word “anoint” was not used with him.
Thus there can be a calling to destroy, and the Holy Spirit is involved. In the antitype, one part of the future message will be seized upon and received readily by the Jehu class, who are not interested in spiritual things. The Jehu class will take the portion of the message they are pleased with.
God had prophesied that a judgment would come on the house of Ahab after his death. (The judgment was delayed to a later generation because Ahab had repented.) The Jehu class will be only too glad to see that the judgment comes to pass.
Comment: Knowing the heart condition of people, God can select a worldly person or class to fulfill a certain role.
Reply: Yes. Such individuals will be empowered to accomplish that role. As an example, God said to Cyrus, “When you won all your past victories, the gates of cities were opened unto you.
Who do you think did the opening? It was I, the LORD God. And who gave you the name Cyrus? I did, for a couple hundred years ago, I predicted your birth and your name.” Cyrus was more kindly disposed toward the Jews because a Hebrew prophet had predicted he would be raised up in history as a great power. The Holy Spirit has diverse operations (1 Cor. 12:4-11; Heb. 1:1; 2:4). God’s Spirit and Word can create storms, winds, messengers—all kinds of things.
Q: At this point in time, will Elisha, the Great Company, give a smiting message?
A: Yes. Elisha will do a smiting work; he will give a smiting message. Perhaps one in close proximity to Elisha will hear the message and convey it to Jehu, who, along with Bidkar, a buddy captain, had heard years earlier the Elijah prophecy of the destruction of Papacy and Catholicism (verses 25, 36, and 37). Hence they will accredit Elijah with the slaying work. In other words, Elisha will be on the scene and, in turn, influence someone close to him who will deliver the message to Jehu. This “son of a prophet” will be the channel through which the message is conveyed, and Jehu will respond, as the prophecy indicates.
After the prophet anointed Jehu with oil, he said, “You will smite the house of Ahab, for the whole house will perish, and dogs will eat Jezebel in Jezreel because of her responsibility there” (verses 7-10). Later, however, the credit was given to Elijah. Thus the information was thirdhand. Elijah was first told to anoint Jehu, but subsequently Elisha sent someone else to do the anointing.
What is the significance of verse 13? “Then they [the other captains] hasted, and took every man his garment, and put it under him [Jehu] on the top of the stairs, and blew with trumpets, saying, Jehu is king.” Happy to hear the message, the other captains accepted it as coming from a true prophet. Putting their garments under Jehu for him to sit on means that they recognized him as king and that they wanted him to know he had their full support. Similarly, the disciples put their coats under Jesus when he rode into Jerusalem as a King on the foal of an ass.
The ceremony for Jehu took place on the top of the “stairs,” an elevated area nearby. Trumpets were blown, and Jehu was proclaimed king. Nevertheless, news of his kingship was to be kept secret until he could act posthaste to eliminate Jehoram. Therefore, Jehu hasted to Jezreel. Now that he had been anointed king, if he did nothing, Jehoram would assassinate him upon hearing the news.
2 Kings 9:14 So Jehu the son of Jehoshaphat the son of Nimshi conspired against Joram. (Now Joram had kept Ramoth-gilead, he and all Israel, because of Hazael king of Syria.
This Jehu was the son of Jehoshaphat, who was the son of Nimshi. In other words, this Jehoshaphat was not the former king of Judah but another individual with the same name. The picture is providentially confusing with two Jehorams, two Ahaziahs, and two Jehoshaphats. There are also duplications with some minor, insignificant characters.
2 Kings 9:15 But king Joram was returned to be healed in Jezreel of the wounds which the Syrians had given him, when he fought with Hazael king of Syria.) And Jehu said, If it be your minds, then let none go forth nor escape out of the city to go to tell it in Jezreel.
2 Kings 9:16 So Jehu rode in a chariot, and went to Jezreel; for Joram lay there. And Ahaziah king of Judah was come down to see Joram.
2 Kings 9:17 And there stood a watchman on the tower in Jezreel, and he spied the company of Jehu as he came, and said, I see a company. And Joram said, Take an horseman, and send to meet them, and let him say, Is it peace?
King Jehoram of Israel was in Jezreel recovering from his wounds, and King Ahaziah of Judah had gone there to see him. Meanwhile, Jehu and at least one other party (Bidkar, his captain) were racing to meet them. As they approached, a watchman on the tower in Jezreel saw them afar off but did not recognize Jehu because of the distance. Since the northern kingdom was the responsibility of King Jehoram of Israel, he sent out a messenger, a horseman, to find out what the news was with the chariot coming so fast (verse 20). “Is it peace? Is it good news?”
2 Kings 9:18 So there went one on horseback to meet him, and said, Thus saith the king, Is it peace? And Jehu said, What hast thou to do with peace? turn thee behind me. And the watchman told, saying, The messenger came to them, but he cometh not again.
2 Kings 9:19 Then he sent out a second on horseback, which came to them, and said, Thus saith the king, Is it peace? And Jehu answered, What hast thou to do with peace? turn thee behind me.
2 Kings 9:20 And the watchman told, saying, He came even unto them, and cometh not again: and the driving is like the driving of Jehu the son of Nimshi; for he driveth furiously.
2 Kings 9:21 And Joram said, Make ready. And his chariot was made ready. And Joram king of Israel and Ahaziah king of Judah went out, each in his chariot, and they went out against Jehu, and met him in the portion of Naboth the Jezreelite.
When the first messenger went out and met Jehu, the latter told him not to return to Jehoram.
Seeing what was happening, the watchman reported that the messenger was not coming back.
The king of Israel sent a second messenger out to Jehu, and the same thing occurred. Jehu did not want word to get back to Jehoram ahead of him. Now Jehu was close enough for the watchman to recognize him from the way he was riding “furiously.” Not only did Jehu have a reputation, but this type of riding fit his character for the work he would do. The watchman must have first seen Jehu a long way off, for even when Jehu rode as fast as he could, the watchman did not recognize him until after the second messenger went out on horseback and did not return.
Next kings Jehoram and Ahaziah went out in chariots to meet Jehu, still not realizing that treachery was involved. The two messengers knew that the news was bad, but they did not so inform the kings. Jehoram and Ahaziah met Jehu in the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite. Right away that information strikes a bell, for years earlier Jezebel had plotted to get the vineyard for Ahab by manipulating Naboth’s death. At the time, Elijah prophesied that the blood of Ahab’s son would be spilled in that area because of this atrocious act committed by
Ahab and Jezebel.
Q: Why did Jehu tell the two messengers not to return to King Jehoram?
A: Jehu did not want Jehoram to have time to prepare a defense. He wanted to capture the king by surprise. The surprise element was very important for what he intended to do.
2 Kings 9:22 And it came to pass, when Joram saw Jehu, that he said, Is it peace, Jehu? And he answered, What peace, so long as the whoredoms of thy mother Jezebel and her witchcrafts are so many?
2 Kings 9:23 And Joram turned his hands, and fled, and said to Ahaziah, There is treachery, O Ahaziah.
2 Kings 9:24 And Jehu drew a bow with his full strength, and smote Jehoram between his arms, and the arrow went out at his heart, and he sunk down in his chariot.
2 Kings 9:25 Then said Jehu to Bidkar his captain, Take up, and cast him in the portion of the field of Naboth the Jezreelite: for remember how that, when I and thou rode together after Ahab his father, the LORD laid this burden upon him;
2 Kings 9:26 Surely I have seen yesterday the blood of Naboth, and the blood of his sons, saith the LORD; and I will requite thee in this plat, saith the LORD. Now therefore take and cast him into the plat of ground, according to the word of the LORD.
Jehu remembered the details of Elijah’s prophecy. Hence he gave Elijah the credit, even though he had been anointed by the son of a prophet.
It is significant that although King Ahab had died previously and King Jehoram was now dead, Jezebel was still alive at this time. In the antitype, the correspondency is that the beast dies twice and the woman dies only once.
Comment: Since Naboth is a throwback to the time of the French Revolution in the antitype, this incident with Jehu means that at the end of the age, part of the smiting message will be a recall of something that happened back there.
Reply: Yes, the smiting message will be something along the order of the leopard not changing its spots and the woman being unmasked—the veil will be pulled off her face. In other words, there will be a review of past wrong deeds. An element that will be furious about Papacy will be instrumental in dispatching the system and those associated with it.
Jehu and his friend Bidkar were both aware of Elijah’s prophecy. Accordingly, Jehu instructed Bidkar to take Jehoram’s corpse and cast it into Naboth’s plot of ground in fulfillment of that prophecy.
Q: Did the spoiling of Naboth’s vineyard end with the French Revolution?
A: Yes. After that, the true woman was delivered and refreshed through the Bible societies, but nevertheless, the blood that was shed in the Dark Ages has to be avenged. “And when he [Jesus] had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held: And they cried with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth?” (Rev. 6:9,10).
Q: For clarification, does Naboth represent the true Church?
A: He pictures the truly consecrated earlier in the Gospel Age.
When King Jehoram realized that treachery was afoot, he warned King Ahaziah. But Jehu shot Jehoram with an arrow through the heart. Now, with Jehoram’s death, Jehu was the uncontested king of Israel.
In the antitype, when Europe invades the Balkan states (the middle ground between that continent and Russia), the forces will return weakened and wounded, and eventually the European order will collapse. The pope and others will be quite involved with this setup.
Notice that Ahaziah was not dealt with right away when Jehoram died. Attention was first focused on the king of Israel, and later it went to Ahaziah of Judah, who fled and went into hiding in the Megiddo area, which was not far away from Jezreel.
“Jehu drew a bow with his full strength, and smote Jehoram between his arms, and the arrow went out at his heart, and he sunk down in his chariot.” The term “a bow with his full strength” is truth in the antitype. When the Jehu class are enlightened as to what has happened, that truth will be instrumental in the death of the previous leadership. The ten horns will first support the beast, and then ten different horns will despoil, or be at enmity with, the woman. “And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast. These have one mind, and shall give their power and strength unto the beast…. And the ten horns which thou sawest upon the beast, these shall hate the whore, and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire” (Rev. 17:12,13,16).
Q: Does Jehu’s arrow going “between his [Jehoram’s] arms”—that is, through his heart— picture Rome as the seat, or center, of Papacy?
A: Yes. Just as the heart is a vital organ, so Papacy is the root of the problems. This picture, among others, shows that the Vatican will be despoiled before the Gospel Age fully terminates.
2 Kings 9:27 But when Ahaziah the king of Judah saw this, he fled by the way of the garden house. And Jehu followed after him, and said, Smite him also in the chariot. And they did so at the going up to Gur, which is by Ibleam. And he fled to Megiddo, and died there.
2 Kings 9:28 And his servants carried him in a chariot to Jerusalem, and buried him in his sepulchre with his fathers in the city of David.
2 Kings 9:29 And in the eleventh year of Joram the son of Ahab began Ahaziah to reign over Judah.
Comment: King Ahaziah of Judah, who reigned only one year, was dealt with more gently after he died.
Reply: Yes, he was buried with his fathers in a sepulchre in Jerusalem. Ahaziah died in Megiddo, or Armageddon in the antitype. With the infamy having its birth in Europe, in Rome, Jezebel and Jehoram had ignominious deaths with no lasting memorial. Both are centered in Rome in the antitype. These deaths are yet future, for there must be ten kings who support the beast before Jehu, who became the king of the ten tribes, manifests the opposite sentiment, resulting in the destruction of Christendom. In one sense, the support of the ten kings exists now through consistories in the various nations, but it will exist in a special or coordinated fashion in the hour of power at the very end of the age. The support of the first ten horns will occur when the beast, the dragon, and the false prophet give a united false message that gathers the forces together to Armageddon (Rev. 16:13,14,16).
The Jehu type brings order out of a lot of details of history, and the nature of the details are rather sensational. For example, Jezebel is very important in prophecy, not only in the Old Testament as a wicked queen but also in the Book of Revelation. The Megiddo of the Old Testament is related to Armageddon in Revelation.
2 Kings 9:30 And when Jehu was come to Jezreel, Jezebel heard of it; and she painted her face, and tired her head, and looked out at a window.
2 Kings 9:31 And as Jehu entered in at the gate, she said, Had Zimri peace, who slew his master?
2 Kings 9:32 And he lifted up his face to the window, and said, Who is on my side? who? And there looked out to him two or three eunuchs.
2 Kings 9:33 And he said, Throw her down. So they threw her down: and some of her blood was sprinkled on the wall, and on the horses: and he trode her under foot.
Jezebel put on cosmetics, “tired” (“adorned”—RSV) her head, and looked out the window, knowing that Jehu was entering the courtyard in Jezreel. Then she greeted him by calling out, “Had Zimri peace, who slew his master?” (The RSV has, “Is it peace, you Zimri, murderer of your master?”) Thus Jezebel knew that Jehu had murdered Jehoram and was now the king of Israel in his stead.
Why did Jezebel attire herself in this manner and speak these words? If she had wanted to seduce him, wouldn’t her words have been different? Her attiring herself was not compatible with the style of her speech. Therefore, her dressing up was for another purpose with regard to Jehu; namely, she attempted to overawe him. She assumed a stance of regality as she called him “Zimri,” which was not his name. Zimri was a traitor in the ten-tribe kingdom who slew his master, a former king, just as Jehu did. Thus Jezebel was doing exactly the wrong thing if she was trying to seduce and enamor him. Rather, she wanted to awe Jehu by putting on an air that she was not afraid. Her posture was, “I do not intend to be a widow or to be slain.”
In history, there was a time when the barbarians invaded Italy, and in order to save the Vatican, one of the popes went out all dressed up in regalia to meet the barbarian king, who was in the shaggy clothing of his rough life. Being awed, the barbarian king, who had murdered people and looted their possessions, now made a treaty with the pope, for he respected the pope and the Papacy. Jezebel used a strategy along that line.
Q: With Jezebel’s words in the King James being, “Had Zimri peace, who slew his master?” could she have been saying the following? “Zimri’s actions did not bring him peace. Be careful and think about what you are doing. If you cause more treachery, you will not have peace.”
Then her attiring herself would be to instill fear in Jehu and bring him into submission.
A: We prefer the Revised Standard Version. Jezebel was bold, and she tried to stop Jehu in his tracks by assuming this fearless posture and questioning him. If Jehu had been submissive, she might have given him amnesty and used him as she did Ahab earlier. However, the prophecy indicated otherwise.
Comment: Zimri reigned only seven days and caused a bloodbath (1 Kings 16:8-10,15).
Reply: Baasha, Omri, and Zimri created anarchy with assassination plots in the last days before the ten tribes were taken into captivity 150 or more years prior to Judah’s captivity.
Q: Who are the “eunuchs” in the antitype?
A: We think they are servants of the false Church. Priests and nuns are supposed to be eunuchs because they do not marry. Instead they “marry” the Catholic Church and become eunuchs for the false Kingdom’s sake, dedicating their lives to support that institution. In other words, some of Jezebel’s most trusted servants will turn against her. Thus various elements will be involved in the destruction and death of the false system—Jehu, eunuchs, and dogs.
Q: Who are the “dogs”?
A: They are a nonreligious, non-Catholic Gentile element within Christendom. Jehu was of that same disposition and spirit, but he was in Ramoth-gilead when anointed king. He came back and took over the leadership.
Revelation 17:16 states that the ten horns will hate the whore. We had suggested in The Keys of Revelation that when the Vatican enclaves, who are represented in the ten kingdoms of Europe, see which way the wind is blowing, they will cooperate in Jezebel’s destruction. In other words, the ten horns are not only the civil powers who will turn and rend Papacy but also the papal nuncios, who will not support Papacy when the tide turns. Just as there will be ten civil leaders of Europe, so there will be ten papal nuncios, or chief representatives of Papacy, in these various governments, or kingdoms, of Europe.
Jezebel’s death is the fall of the Roman Catholic Church—ecclesiasticism. The beast, the Papacy, the governmental aspect, will die first. The beast died once in the past (Rev. 17:8,11), but the woman never ceased, for if the Catholic Church did not exist, there would be no Papacy—it would just evaporate. Stated another way, the Roman Catholic Church can exist without Papacy, but Papacy cannot exist without the Roman Catholic Church. The mother Church survived when Papacy went into disfavor in the past because there are two different elements, or perspectives. Therefore, the beast will die first, then the woman. The fifth and eighth heads of the beast are more or less the same in one respect, whereas the horns, the European powers, are separate from, and not part of, the beast, the Papacy.
Comment: We think of Jehoram as Papacy, the beast, the governmental aspect of Catholicism, and Ahaziah is the false prophet, the governmental aspect of Protestantism.
Reply: Protestantism has always been weak, and even in this picture, Ahaziah is shown in a negative or secondary sense. As a whole, with few exceptions, the evangelical churches and the more traditional or staid churches, such as the Catholic Church and the Methodist Church, will be in cahoots with the government. At present, the United States government cannot show partiality toward religion, but at the end of the age, religion will be called in to help. Today if government recognized the Catholic religion in a formal way, the Protestants would say, “What about us?” and turmoil would result. But at the end of the age, it will become a political matter with the beast, the dragon, and the false prophet speaking and acting in unison. In Europe, the political aspect already exists, for the governments have shown partiality toward religion for some time.
Comment: Jeremiah 4:30 reads, “And when thou art spoiled, what wilt thou do? Though thou clothest thyself with crimson, though thou deckest thee with ornaments of gold, though thou rentest thy face with painting, in vain shalt thou make thyself fair; thy lovers will despise thee, they will seek thy life.”
Reply: That text describes the attractiveness of the false system, but we do not think it applies to Jezebel’s motive with Jehu. She looked out the window with regality the way the pope looks out the window over St. Peter’s Square and a past pope went out to meet the barbarians with the triple crown, jewels, and luxurious clothing. Jezebel will want to awe, distract, momentarily shock, and thus change Jehu’s thinking and intention to work mischief. The pope has a unique office as head of both the Papacy and the Roman Catholic Church. When he looks out the window in his white robes, the papal banner is seen, and a red carpet is thrown over the windowsill. The people below in the square get down on their knees to kneel before him.
2 Kings 9:34 And when he was come in, he did eat and drink, and said, Go, see now this cursed woman, and bury her: for she is a king’s daughter.
2 Kings 9:35 And they went to bury her: but they found no more of her than the skull, and the feet, and the palms of her hands.
2 Kings 9:36 Wherefore they came again, and told him. And he said, This is the word of the LORD, which he spake by his servant Elijah the Tishbite, saying, In the portion of Jezreel shall dogs eat the flesh of Jezebel:
2 Kings 9:37 And the carcase of Jezebel shall be as dung upon the face of the field in the portion of Jezreel; so that they shall not say, This is Jezebel.
After the dogs consumed the rest of Jezebel, her skull, hands, and feet were not buried but lay as dung in the field. Therefore, no tombstone marked her remains, although, to our understanding, this entire incident has been recorded on film. The skull signifies that the bad memory, or smoke, of Jezebel will be perpetuated. Her hands represent her works, and her feet picture her conduct. The fact that no body remained indicates the permanent extinction of the false religious system. A skull is not attractive, and neither is the memory of Papacy.
Again Jehu acknowledged Elijah as having prophesied these events. “This is the word of the LORD, which he spake by his servant Elijah the Tishbite, saying, In the portion of Jezreel shall dogs eat the flesh of Jezebel: And the carcase of Jezebel shall be as dung upon the face of the field in the portion of Jezreel; so that they shall not say, This is Jezebel.”
Chapters 9 and 10 show the fall of mystic Babylon and the burning of the tares. The Little Flock will be complete before the destruction of the nominal system, but when all false professions cease, the Great Company will still be on hand, for their trial will occur subsequently.
Review of 2 Kings 9
Because so many names are similar, the following table may be helpful.
Israel, the ten-tribe kingdom……………………………… Judah, the two-tribe kingdom
…………..Ahaziah ………………………………………………………….Jehoram (Joram)
…………..Jehoram (Joram)† …………………………………………….Ahaziah†
…………..Jehu was anointed and became king
*Kings of Israel and Judah who fought the king of Syria in the first battle in Ramoth-gilead.
†Kings of Israel and Judah who fought the king of Syria in the second battle in Ramoth-gilead.
There were two Ahaziahs and two Jehorams (one each in Israel and Judah). Ahab and Jehoshaphat were the kings in the Micaiah account in regard to the first battle in Ramoth-gilead (1 Kings 22). In that battle, Ahab was slain, and his body was carried back to the homeland, Israel. In fulfillment of Elijah’s prophecy, which God had declared against Ahab because of his sins, dogs licked up his blood in the plot of Naboth’s vineyard (1 Kings 21:19; 22:37,38).
The word “plat [plot]” has a double significance, for the etymology that has come down to us has two meanings: (1) to scheme or be cunning about a matter, and (2) a piece of ground. We believe the double meaning is derived from the scriptural accounts of the deaths of Naboth, Ahab, and Jehoram. When the United States was originally founded, the fact that it was Bible-oriented had a strong effect on the language.
Upon Naboth’s refusal to sell his vineyard to Ahab, Jezebel set a trap for him by first having a festivity and then producing two false witnesses who accused him of speaking blasphemy against God and the king. As a result, Naboth was stoned outside the city. Then Jezebel told Ahab to go and take possession of Naboth’s vineyard. While Ahab was in the vineyard, Elijah the prophet came to him and uttered a prophecy of retribution. When the king humbled himself and repented, the fulfillment of that prophecy was postponed for a while. But later, when Ahab went into battle at Ramoth-gilead, he was slain, his body was brought back in a chariot, and dogs licked up his blood in this place of Naboth, as Elijah had predicted.
A few years later Jehoram and Ahaziah joined forces to fight the king of Syria in Ramothgilead. Thus the kings of Israel and Judah fought a second battle in the same area with the same enemy, the king of Syria. This time Jehu was one of the captains. It was in the twelfth year of Jehoram, a grandson of Ahab, that Ahaziah began to reign as the king of Judah. Therefore, the two years of Ahaziah plus the 12 years of Jehoram make a total of 14 years, which was all the time that elapsed between the death of Ahab and the death of Jehoram.
In Jehu’s bloodbath, Jehoram was the first to be slain. Having been wounded in the battle with Ahaziah against Hazael of Syria, Jehoram returned to Jezreel to be healed of his wounds, and Ahaziah went to see him there (2 Kings 8:28,29). Meanwhile, Jehu was secretly anointed king in Ramoth-gilead by a son of the prophets sent by Elisha. Jehu raced back to Jezreel, killed Jehoram, and cast his body into the very plot of land where Naboth had died (2 Kings 9:21-26).
What happened to Ahab and Jehoram, each a king of the ten tribes, pictures what will happen to the ten nations of Europe in the future. The Book of Revelation tells that Papacy (pictured first by Ahab and then by Jehoram) dies twice. Jezebel, who represents Catholicism, the ecclesiastical aspect, dies once. “The beast [Papacy] that thou sawest was, and is not; and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, and go into perdition [everlasting destruction]” (Rev. 17:8).
Papacy died once in the past, revived, and will die the second time forever. The information is repeated three verses later: “And the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is of the seven, and goeth into perdition” (Rev. 17:11).
The Revelation narrative, or prophecy, continues. “And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast. These [the ten horns] have one mind, and shall give their power and strength unto the beast. These [the ten horns and the beast] shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful” (Rev. 17:12-14). The beast with the ten horns (the ten nations of Europe) will make war with the Lamb. Revelation 19:19 also speaks of this war: “And I saw the beast, and the kings of the earth [the ten nations of Europe], and their armies, gathered together to make war against him [the Lamb, Jesus] that sat on the [white] horse, and against his army [the feet members].”
Clearly, there will be a war. This same war is described in chapters 17 and 19. Thus chapter 19 repeats the information in chapter 17. In this war, the Lamb will ultimately triumph. The beast and the false prophet will be cast into the “lake of fire” in defeat (Rev. 19:20). Chapter 19 adds a little more detail to the same event.
What we are trying to say is that the beast will be destroyed before the woman. Revelation 17 is a key chapter. The beast’s going into perdition is mentioned twice (verses 8 and 11). The war between the beast and the ten horns versus the Lamb is mentioned in verse 14, that is, before the judgment comes on the woman, as stated in verse 16: “And the ten horns which thou sawest upon the beast, these shall hate the whore, and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire.”
A comparison of verses 12, 13, and 16 in Revelation 17 shows that the same ten horns which earlier support the beast later hate the whore. Note: In supporting the beast (Papacy) earlier, the ten horns also support the woman (the Catholic Church). However, verse 16 describes how the woman is dealt with. The ten horns that previously support Papacy will cease their support and hate the whore (the false Church) and destroy her.
In the prophetic battle described in 2 Kings 8 and 9, Jehoram was the king of Israel, and Ahaziah was the king of Judah. Jehoram represents Papacy as a temporal power, and Ahaziah pictures Protestantism in connection with temporal power. Both will be involved in the confrontation at the end of the age. Jehoram was wounded in Ramoth-gilead, so he returned to Jezreel to recuperate (2 Kings 8:29). In the meantime, Ahaziah went up to Jezreel to visit and comfort him. For this act, God rebuked Ahaziah (2 Chron. 22:5-7).
While King Jehoram of Israel was alive, he supported the old order, being sympathetic to the deceased Ahab and to Jezebel. But when Jehu, a captain in Israel, returned to Jezreel and killed Jehoram, becoming king in his stead, he was not at all sympathetic to the old arrangement.
Jehu slew Jehoram (Papacy) and Ahaziah and was also involved in the slaying of Jezebel.
As the king of Israel, Jehu was the king of the ten tribes. In other words, the ten horns, which support the beast, or Papacy, are represented by Jehoram, the king of Israel, whom Jehu slew and replaced. Stated another way, the ten horns (the ten powers of Europe), which previously support the beast, will subsequently hate the whore and be involved in her destruction. Just as Jehoram supported Jezebel but was replaced by Jehu, who called for her destruction, so the powers of Europe will turn against Catholicism in the final analysis.
And there is another point. Jehu represents that when the ten powers, or nations, of Europe hate the whore, they will be nonreligious. Not only will they not support the old system, but they will be intent upon changing the whole arrangement.
Elijah represents the true Church in the flesh during the Gospel Age. Therefore, when he was translated into heaven, he represented the feet members. Elijah was alive when Ahab was on the scene, and he was also alive when Jehoram began to reign (2 Kings 1:17).
2 Chronicles 21:12-15 tells that Elijah sent a letter to King Jehoram of Judah, stating that because of his wickedness, he would die of an incurable disease whereby his bowels would rot and fall out. Accordingly, Jehoram died two years after this prophecy (2 Chron. 21:18,19). He was evil, walking after the ways of Israel. Intermarriage had occurred, and the practices of the ten tribes were becoming the practices of Judah. Thus Jehoram received judgment.
This letter from Elijah to Jehoram of Judah was significant because it was sent two years before Jehoram died. Although Elijah did not come in person, the letter proves he was alive at that time. This incident occurred before the final confrontation at Ramoth-gilead. Elijah was also on the scene during Ahaziah’s reign, as shown by the account in 2 Kings. However, the prophet was off the scene when Jehu was anointed. Proof for this statement is the fact that Elisha sent a son of the prophets to do the anointing. Thus the feet members will be gone before Babylon falls.
The point is that the anointing of Jehu is still a future event. Jehu represents a class that will be against the false practices of Christendom and will be instrumental in its destruction. At one time, the ten tribes of Israel were favorable to Jezebel, but when Jehu took the reigns of power, the ten tribes switched sides and supported him in wiping out the house of Ahab.
The very fact these individuals had similar names occurred intentionally to confuse the picture until the due time for understanding the antitype. Before the antitype can even start to be considered, one must understand and be familiar with the literal account and be able to keep the names straight. In other words, there has to be real Bible study first in order to at least understand the vocabulary and the identity of the characters who are involved. Next comes reasoning with regard to the activity. Incidentally, there were also two Jehus: Jehu the seer and Jehu the king of Israel. To straighten out the distinctions in the similar names, we have to go back and forth and compare 1 and 2 Kings and 2 Chronicles.